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Nucleosomes are the basic packaging units of chromatin, modulating accessibility of regulatory proteins to DNA and thus influencing eukaryotic gene regulation. Elaborate chromatin remodelling mechanisms have evolved that govern nucleosome organization at promoters, regulatory elements, and other functional regions in the genome. Analyses of chromatin(More)
Using the massively parallel technique of sequencing by oligonucleotide ligation and detection (SOLiD; Applied Biosystems), we have assessed the in vivo positions of more than 44 million putative nucleosome cores in the multicellular genetic model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. These analyses provide a global view of the chromatin architecture of a(More)
Gene regulation at functional elements (e.g., enhancers, promoters, insulators) is governed by an interplay of nucleosome remodeling, histone modifications, and transcription factor binding. To enhance our understanding of gene regulation, the ENCODE Consortium has generated a wealth of ChIP-seq data on DNA-binding proteins and histone modifications. We(More)
Eukaryotic chromatin architecture is affected by intrinsic histone-DNA sequence preferences, steric exclusion between nucleosome particles, formation of higher-order structures, and in vivo activity of chromatin remodeling enzymes. To disentangle sequence-dependent nucleosome positioning from the other factors, we have created two high-throughput maps of(More)
Several bioinformatics studies have identified an unexpected but remarkably prevalent approximately 10 bp periodicity of AA/TT dinucleotides (hyperperiodicity) in certain regions of the Caenorhabditis elegans genome. Although the relevant C.elegans DNA segments share certain sequence characteristics with bent DNAs from other sources (e.g. trypanosome(More)
MOTIVATION Riboswitches are short sequences of messenger RNA that can change their structural conformation to regulate the expression of adjacent genes. Computational prediction of putative riboswitches can provide direction to molecular biologists studying riboswitch-mediated gene expression. RESULTS The Denison Riboswitch Detector (DRD) is a new(More)
An important discussion at colleges is centered on determining more effective models for teaching undergraduates. As personalized genomics has become more common, we hypothesized it could be a valuable tool to make science education more hands on, personal, and engaging for college undergraduates. We hypothesized that providing students with personal genome(More)
Nucleosomes and their positions in the eukaryotic genome play an important role in regulating gene expression by influencing accessibility to DNA. Many factors influence a nucleosome's final position in the chromatin landscape including the underlying genomic sequence. One of the primary reasons for performing in vitro nucleosome reconstitution experiments(More)
The advent of high-throughput DNA sequencing has enabled the measurement of many types of chemical phenomena in the human genome [2]. These methods have enabled the location of both punctate phenomena, such as transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs), and broad phenomena, such as the location of chemical modification of the histone proteins that wrap DNA.(More)
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