Steven M. Evans

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Excessive nitric oxide (NO) production by an isoform of NO synthase that can be induced by inflammatory stimuli leads to changes in vascular permeability and to tissue injury. We measured NO synthase activities in mucosa and muscle from the colons of control patients (n = 11) and patients with ulcerative colitis (6) or Crohn's disease (4). NO synthase(More)
1. The role of nitric oxide (NO) formed by the inducible isoform of NO synthase (NOS) in the generation of indomethacin-induced intestinal microvascular leakage was investigated in the rat. 2. Indomethacin (10 mg kg-1, s.c.) provoked an elevation of vascular leakage of radiolabelled human serum albumin in the jejunum over 48 h, commencing 18 h after its(More)
1. The effect of endotoxin (E. coli lipopolysaccharide) on the induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the changes in vascular permeability in the colon and jejunum over a 5 h period have been investigated in the rat. 2. Under resting conditions, a calcium-dependent constitutive NOS, determined by the conversion of radiolabelled L-arginine to(More)
Endotoxin (Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide 0111:B4, 3 mg/kg i.v.) induced the expression of a calcium-independent nitric oxide (NO) synthase, determined after 5 h in cardiac, hepatic, pulmonary and renal tissues, as assessed by the conversion of radiolabelled L-arginine to L-citrulline. This widespread induction of NO synthase in these conscious rats(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) formed by inducible NO synthase (iNOS), superoxide and the lipopolysaccharide from luminal bacteria in non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced intestinal injury was investigated in the rat. Administration (s.c. or p.o.) of indomethacin (10 mg kg(-1)), flurbiprofen (40 mg kg(-1)) or diclofenac (40 mg kg(-1)) increased the(More)
Distribution of airway junctional complex proteins after antigen or lipopolysaccharide challenge in sensitized or naive mice, respectively, was investigated. E-cadherin immunoreactivity was detected continuously along neighboring epithelial cell borders and between adjacent alveolar epithelial cells in naive and saline-challenged mice. Occludin and ZO-1(More)
RATIONALE COPD is an inflammatory lung disease largely associated with exposure to cigarette smoke (CS). The mechanism by which CS leads to the pathogenesis of COPD is currently unclear; it is known however that many of the inflammatory mediators present in the COPD lung can be produced via the actions of the transcription factor Nuclear Factor-kappaB(More)
The cytokine TWEAK and its cognate receptor Fn14 are members of the TNF/TNFR superfamily and are upregulated in tissue injury to mediate local tissue responses including inflammation and tissue remodeling. We found that in various models of kidney disease, Fn14 expression (mRNA and protein) is upregulated in the kidney. These models include: lupus nephritis(More)
The role of bacteria and nitric oxide (NO), formed by the inducible isoform of NO synthase (iNOS), in a widespread systemic inflammatory microvascular response that follows indomethacin administration, has been investigated in the rat. Subcutaneous administration of indomethacin (10 mg kg(-1)) daily for 2 days produced an increase in microvascular leakage(More)
The effects of aminoguanine on the intestinal vascular permeability following endotoxin administration in vivo has been compared to those of the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) in the rat. Concurrent administration of aminoguanidine. (12.5-50 mg/kg, s.c.) with endotoxin (E. coli lipopolysaccharide, 3 mg/kg, i.v.), dose(More)