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Prostaglandins (PGs) are important mediators of epithelial integrity and function in the gastrointestinal tract. Relatively little is known, however, about the mechanism by which PGs affect stem cells in the intestine during normal epithelial turnover, or during wound repair. PGs are synthesized from arachidonate by either of two cyclooxygenases,(More)
We have developed an immunological method for isolation and identification of DNA sequences containing 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdUrd) incorporated during UV-induced excision-repair synthesis. DNA fragments containing BrdUrd incorporated during repair synthesis were incubated with goat anti-BrdUrd and rabbit anti-goat IgG, and the antibody-DNA complexes(More)
The rat intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) gene has been used as a model to study temporal and spatial differentiation of the gut epithelium while its protein product has been used as a model for examining the atomic details of noncovalent fatty acid-protein interactions. We have isolated the mouse I-FABP gene (Fabpi) and determined its(More)
Although inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is the result of a dysregulated immune response to commensal gut bacteria in genetically predisposed individuals, the mechanism(s) by which bacteria lead to the development of IBD are unknown. Interestingly, deletion of intestinal goblet cells protects against intestinal injury, suggesting that this epithelial cell(More)
The initiating etiologic factor in Crohn's disease (CD) remains unclear. SAMP1/YitFc (SAMP) mice develop chronic ileitis similar to human CD. We used bone marrow chimeras to determine if SAMP ileitis results from a primary immunological defect or from dysregulated mucosal immunity secondary to intrinsic, nonhematopoietic (e.g., epithelial) dysfunction. SAMP(More)
The mouse intestinal epithelium is able to establish and maintain complex lineage-specific, spatial, and temporal patterns of gene expression despite its rapid and continuous renewal. A multipotent stem cell located near the base of each intestinal crypt gives rise to progeny which undergo amplification and allocation to either enterocytic, Paneth cell,(More)
A method for efficient electrophoretic transfer of DNA fragments from polyacrylamide gels to nitrocellulose sheets was developed. Hybridization to these fragments can be performed by standard techniques. The method is also applicable to agarose gels, allowing this transfer method to be used for DNA ranging from 40 to at least 23,000 bp.
MAK (male germ cell-associated protein kinase) and MRK/ICK (MAK-related kinase/intestinal cell kinase) are human homologs of Ime2p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and of Mde3 and Pit1 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe and are similar to human cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2). MAK and MRK require dual phosphorylation(More)
Fibroblast growth factor receptor-3 (FGFR-3) expression in the developing intestine is restricted to the undifferentiated epithelial cells within the lower portion of the crypt. We previously showed that mice lacking functional FGFR-3 have a significant decrease in the number of Paneth cells in the small intestine. Here, we used Caco2 cells to investigate(More)
Paneth cells at the base of small intestinal crypts of Lieberkühn secrete host defense peptides and proteins, including alpha-defensins, as mediators of innate immunity. Mouse Paneth cells also express alpha-defensin-related Defcr-rs genes that code for cysteine-rich sequence 4C (CRS4C) peptides that have a unique CPX triplet repeat motif. In ileitis-prone(More)