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Hemoglobin levels vary substantially over time in hemodialysis patients, and this variability may portend poor outcomes. For a given patient, hemoglobin concentration over time can be described by absolute levels, rate of change, or by the difference between observed level and expected level based on the preceding trend (i.e., seemingly random variability).(More)
Cobalamin C (cbl C) deficiency, an inherited disorder of vitamin B12 metabolism, causes elevated levels of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine and decreased methionine in all body fluids. Renal complications of cbl C disease are thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), chronic renal failure, tubulointerstitial nephritis and proximal renal tubular acidosis. There(More)
Current evidence regarding the clinical consequences of hypophosphatemia is not straightforward. Given the potentially different implications of hypophosphatemia among various patient groups, this commentary touches on patients with low serum phosphate after acute hospitalization, those with chronic ambulatory hypophosphatemia, and those with(More)
Patients receiving hemodialysis have high rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality that may be related to the hemodynamic effects of rapid ultrafiltration. Here we tested whether higher dialytic ultrafiltration rates are associated with greater all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and hospitalization for cardiovascular disease. We used data from(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypo- and hyperphosphatemia have each been associated with increased mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. There has not been previous evaluation of a differential relationship between serum phosphorus level and death risk across varying age groups in MHD patients. DESIGN AND SETTINGS In a 6-year cohort of 107,817 MHD patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Hemoglobin variability is common among dialysis patients, and has been associated with increased mortality. The causal nature of this association has been difficult to ascertain because of potential time-dependent confounding, for which traditional statistical methods do not control. DESIGN, SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Evidence exists that variability in hemoglobin may be an independent risk factor for mortality among hemodialysis patients. These observations were based on a 1996 cohort, a time when anemia management differed greatly from present. Design, settings, participants and measurements: A retrospective cohort study of patients incident(More)
Dietary sodium is thought to play a major role in the pathogenesis of hypertension, hypervolemia, and mortality in hemodialysis patients; hence, sodium restriction is almost universally recommended. Since the evidence upon which to base these assumptions is limited, we undertook a post-hoc analysis of 1770 patients in the Hemodialysis Study with available(More)
There is an association between hemodialysis session length and mortality independent of the effects of session duration on urea clearance. However, previous studies did not consider changes in session length over time nor did they control for the influence of time-dependent confounding. Using data from a national cohort of 8552 incident patients on(More)
Visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (VTV-BPV) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events and death in the general population. We sought to determine the association of VTV-BPV with outcomes in patients on hemodialysis, using data from a National Institutes of Health-sponsored randomized trial (the HEMO study). We used the coefficient of(More)