Steven Lande

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An interresponse time analysis was used to study the effects of variable-ratio punishment schedules on the temporal pattern of reinforced responding. Twelve pigeons responded on a baseline variable-interval schedule of food reinforcement. A variable-ratio ten schedule of electric shock punishment was then introduced. The shock intensity was systematically(More)
We deene measures of social welfare in terms of social welfare functions and show how to incorporate these measures into systems of national accounts. Our measure of potential social welfare is based on personal consumption expenditures. Actual social welfare depends on the distribution of these expenditures over the population. Inequality depends on the(More)
The ability of clinical trainees to learn to distinguish between classically conditioned and cognitively based neurotic fears was examined in two small-scale studies. The first study showed that they readily learned to make the distinction on the basis of transcripts of key excerpts of actual patient sessions, and that ability to do so increased with(More)
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