Steven L. Zeichner

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An important step in the herpesvirus life cycle is the switch from latency to lytic reactivation. In order to study the life cycle of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), we developed a gene expression system in KSHV-infected primary effusion lymphoma cells. This system uses Flp-mediated efficient recombination and tetracycline-inducible(More)
OBJECTIVE Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, a nucleotide analog HIV reverse transcriptase inhibitor with demonstrated activity against nucleoside-resistant HIV, is approved for use in adults but not children. Metabolic bone abnormalities have been seen in young animals given high-dose tenofovir and HIV-infected adults that were treated with oral tenofovir(More)
5 of 6 children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) receiving Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) experienced absolute decreases in bone mineral density (BMD). 2 pre-pubertal subjects experienced >6% BMD decreases. 1 subject was the smallest child and experienced a 27% decrease, necessitating withdrawal of TDF. Subsequently, her BMD recovered.(More)
OBJECTIVES Highly active antiretroviral therapy has altered the course of HIV infection among children, but new antiretroviral agents are needed for treatment-experienced children with drug-resistant virus. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) is a promising agent for use in pediatric salvage therapy, because of its tolerability, efficacy, and resistance(More)
The existence of reservoirs of cells latently infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a major obstacle to the elimination of HIV infection. We studied the changes in cellular gene expression that accompany the reactivation and completion of the lytic viral cycle in cell lines chronically infected with HIV-1. We found that several genes exhibited(More)
In today's era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), few children with HIV-1 infection experience severe central nervous system (CNS) manifestations indicative of encephalopathy. However, little is known about the neurocognitive strengths and weaknesses of HIV-infected children treated with HAART. This cross-sectional study is the first to(More)
The Tax protein of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), an oncoprotein that transactivates viral and cellular genes, plays a key role in HTLV-1 replication and pathogenesis. We used cDNA microarrays to examine Tax-mediated transcriptional changes in the human Jurkat T-cell lines JPX-9 and JPX-M which express Tax and Tax-mutant protein, respectively,(More)
Mainly regulated at the transcriptional level, the cellular cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, CDKN1A/p21(WAF1) (p21), is a major cell cycle regulator of the response to DNA damage, senescence and tumor suppression. Here, we report that COUP-TF-interacting protein 2 (CTIP2), recruited to the p21 gene promoter, silenced p21 gene transcription through(More)
Telomere shortening may reflect the total number of divisions experienced by a somatic cell and is associated with replicative senescence. We found that the average rate of telomere shortening in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained longitudinally from nine different infants during the first 3 years of life (270 bp per year) is more than(More)
Several polyadenylylation (PA) signals containing elements upstream of the AAUAAA have recently been characterized. Similar to PA elements found downstream of the AAUAAA, the upstream elements function to increase efficiency of AAUAAA use as a signal for cleavage and PA. Using deletion and linker scanning mutations we show that the PA signal of human(More)