Steven L. Wolf

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) is a new time-based method to evaluate upper extremity performance while providing insight into joint-specific and total limb movements. This study addresses selected psychometric attributes of the WMFT applied to a chronic stroke population. METHODS Nineteen individuals after stroke and with(More)
CONTEXT Single-site studies suggest that a 2-week program of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) for patients more than 1 year after stroke who maintain some hand and wrist movement can improve upper extremity function that persists for at least 1 year. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of a 2-week multisite program of CIMT vs usual and customary(More)
To test the clinical counterpart of the learned nonuse theory, 25 chronic hemiplegic stroke and head-injured patients with minimal to moderate upper extremity extensor muscle function were required to keep their uninvolved upper extremities within a hand-enclosed sling during waking hours over a 2-week interval. During this forced use period and for 1 year(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of two exercise approaches, tai chi (TC) and computerized balance training (BT), on specified primary outcomes (biomedical, functional, and psychosocial indicators of frailty) and secondary outcomes (occurrences of fall). DESIGN The Atlanta Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies and Intervention Techniques, a(More)
There is a lack of consistency among researchers and clinicians in the use of terminology that describes changes in motor ability following neurological injury. Specifically, the terms and definitions of motor compensation and motor recovery have been used in different ways, which is a potential barrier to interdisciplinary communication. This Point of View(More)
Computer usage by physical therapists performing clinical research is becoming a reality. In this article, the basic computer operations are discussed with emphasis placed upon the way in which the physical therapist may interact with knowledgeable computer personnel during the formulation and execution of a hypothetical research problem. Some essential(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of two exercise approaches, Tai Chi (TC) and computerized balance training (BT), on specified primary outcomes (biomedical, functional, and psychosocial indicators of frailty) and secondary outcomes (occurrence of falls). DESIGN The Atlanta FICSIT (Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques), a(More)
The Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) has been used in rehabilitation studies of chronic stroke patients, but until now its psychometric properties have not been evaluated in patients with subacute stroke. Two hundred twenty-nine participants with subacute stroke (3-9 months postinjury) at 7 research sites met inclusion criteria for the EXCITE Trial and were(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether an intense tai chi exercise program could reduce fear of falling better than a wellness education (WE) program in older adults who had fallen previously and meet criteria for transitioning to frailty. DESIGN Cluster-randomized, controlled trial of 48 weeks' duration. SETTING Ten matched pairs of congregate living(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the reliability of several parameters contributing to topographic motor cortical maps of the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) within able-bodied participants, across 3 sessions and from both hemispheres with greater precision than previously reported. METHODS Nine healthy right-handed males aged 44-75 years were studied at(More)