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CONTEXT Single-site studies suggest that a 2-week program of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) for patients more than 1 year after stroke who maintain some hand and wrist movement can improve upper extremity function that persists for at least 1 year. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of a 2-week multisite program of CIMT vs usual and customary(More)
There is a lack of consistency among researchers and clinicians in the use of terminology that describes changes in motor ability following neurological injury. Specifically, the terms and definitions of motor compensation and motor recovery have been used in different ways, which is a potential barrier to interdisciplinary communication. This Point of View(More)
Mental imagery can improve motor performance in stroke populations when combined with physical therapy. Valid and reliable instruments to evaluate the imagery ability of stroke survivors are needed to maximize the benefits of mental imagery therapy. The purposes of this study were to: examine and compare the test-retest intra-rate reliability of the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the reliability of several parameters contributing to topographic motor cortical maps of the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) within able-bodied participants, across 3 sessions and from both hemispheres with greater precision than previously reported. METHODS Nine healthy right-handed males aged 44-75 years were studied at(More)
BACKGROUND An impaired ability to allocate attention to gait during dual-task situations is a powerful predictor of falls. OBJECTIVE The primary purpose of this study was to examine the relative contributions of participant characteristics and motor and cognitive factors to the ability to walk while performing cognitive tasks. The impact of cognitive task(More)
The plasticity of the brain is an increasingly important topic for physical therapists interested in childhood development, learning, and repair following injury. The study of plasticity directly in the human nervous system presents numerous challenges, such as the ability to assess neuronal function in vivo because of physical impediments, such as the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if a 12-week program of Tai Chi that has been shown to reduce falls incidence in older adults would improve the ability to allocate attention to balance under dual-task conditions. DESIGN Pre-/posttest experimental research design. SETTING Movement studies research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Community dwelling older adults (N=15;(More)
The Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) has been used in rehabilitation studies of chronic stroke patients, but until now its psychometric properties have not been evaluated in patients with subacute stroke. Two hundred twenty-nine participants with subacute stroke (3-9 months postinjury) at 7 research sites met inclusion criteria for the EXCITE Trial and were(More)
Despite a threefold increase in treatment interventions studies during the past 10 years, "best practice" for the rehabilitation of the paretic upper limb is still unclear. This review aims to lessen uncertainty in the management of the poststroke upper limb. Two separate searches of the scientific literature from 1966-2001 yielded 333 articles. Three(More)
The original use of biofeedback to train single muscle activity in static positions or movement unrelated to function did not correlate well to motor function improvements in patients with central nervous system injuries. The concept of task-oriented repetitive training suggests that biofeedback therapy should be delivered during functionally related(More)