Steven L Weinstein

Learn More
Activation of macrophages by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces transcription of genes that encode for proinflammatory regulators of the immune response. Previous work has suggested that activation of the transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1) is one LPS-induced event that mediates this response. Consistent with this notion, we found that(More)
Bacterial LPS stimulation of murine macrophages leads to increased tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the 42- and 44-kDa mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and the activation of stress-activated protein kinases (SAPK)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38, related to the high osmolarity glycerol protein kinase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a potent activator of antibacterial responses by macrophages. Following LPS stimulation, the tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins is rapidly increased in macrophages, and this event appears to mediate some responses to LPS. We now report that two of these tyrosine phosphoproteins of 41 and 44 kDa are isoforms of(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a membrane component of Gram-negative bacteria, stimulates immune responses by activating macrophages, B lymphocytes, and other cells of the immune system. The mechanisms by which LPS activates these cells are poorly characterized. Since protein tyrosine phosphorylation appears to be a major intracellular signaling event that(More)
Acute expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 beta (also known as CCL4) promotes beneficial leukocyte recruitment to infected tissues, but chronic expression of this chemokine contributes to inflammatory disease. CCL4 expression is controlled largely at the transcriptional level and an ATF/CRE sequence located in the promoter (-104 to -97bp,(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) elicits responses by macrophages that help the body repel infections. Recent evidence indicates that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) may mediate some of these responses. Here, we show that exposing macrophages to LPS rapidly increased membrane-associated PI 3-kinase activity and also elevated p70 S6 kinase(More)
The amyloidogenic peptide beta-amyloid has previously been shown to bind to neurons in the form of fibrillar clusters on the cell surface, which induces neurodegeneration and activates a program of cell death characteristic of apoptosis. To further investigate the mechanism of Abeta neurotoxicity, we synthesized the all-D- and all-L-stereoisomers of the(More)
Induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation is an early intracellular event in LPS-stimulated murine macrophages that appears to play a role in signal transduction. We have now demonstrated that LPS also increases protein tyrosine phosphorylation in human monocyte-derived macrophages and in the human monocytic cell line, THP-1. This response was rapidly(More)
Although the mechanism by which macrophages and other mammalian cells recognize LPS is still only partially understood, there has been considerable recent progress in unraveling the mechanisms by which putative cell surface LPS receptors transmit information of ligand binding to the interior of the cell. In macrophages, LPS induces protein tyrosine(More)