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The addition of phosphate materials such as hydroxyapatite (HAP) has been suggested and used for treatment and stabilization of lead-contaminated soils. HAP has been used at some small arms firing ranges (SAFRs) to contain the lead in berm soils onsite. The two primary pathways for lead migration from the sites are via leachate production and surface runoff(More)
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Abstract: Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, is the first of three military installations studied to assess the distribution of tungsten at small arms ranges. The study focused on three ranges at Camp Edwards. Tungsten was present in surface soils up to 2,080 mg/kg. Highest observed concentrations occurred(More)
Crude plant extract solutions (spinach and parrotfeather) were prepared and spiked with 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) (20 mgl(-1)). 90-h TNT removal by these solutions was compared to controls. Spinach and parrotfeather extract solutions removed 99% and 50% of the initial TNT, respectively; TNT was not eliminated in the controls or in extract solutions where(More)
Uptake and fate of TNT and RDX by three aquatic and four wetland plants were studied using hydroponic, batch, incubations in explosives-contaminated groundwater amended with [U-14C]-TNT or [U-14C]-RDX in the laboratory. Substrates in which the plants were rooted were also tested. Plants and substrates were collected from a small-scale wetland constructed(More)
Energetic compounds, such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), and their degradation products can act as a source of contamination for soil on Department of Defense testing and training ranges. Base hydrolysis degrades nitroaromatics and nitramines, and the potential effectiveness of lime to induce this reaction(More)
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Abstract: Energetic compounds, such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), and their degradation products, can act as a source of contamination for soil on Department of Defense testing and training ranges. Base-catalyzed hydrolysis degrades nitroaromatics and(More)
The biogeochemistry of tungsten and its effects on mobility have recently gained attention due to the existence of human cancer clusters, such as in Fallon, NV. Tungsten exists in many environmental matrices as the soluble and mobile tungstate anion. However, tungsten can polymerize with itself and other anions, creating poly- and heteropoly-tungstates with(More)
Phytoremediation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) in groundwater using constructed wetlands is a potentially economical remediation alternative. To evaluate Explosives removal and fate was evaluated using hydroponic batch incubations of plant and substrate treatments with explosives-contaminated groundwater(More)
The results of this study indicate that the presence of plants did enhance TNT and TNB removal from IAAP groundwater. Most effective at 25 degrees C were reed canary grass, coontail and pondweed. Groundwater and plant tissue analyses indicate that in presence of the plants tested TNT is degraded to reduced by-products and to other metabolites that were not(More)
The toxic properties of tungsten compounds have recently been brought to the forefront with clusters of human cancer cases, such as in Fallon, NV. Such instances have made the determination of tungsten in natural water supplies vitally important. Tungsten exists in most environmental matrices as the soluble and mobile tungstate anion, although it can(More)