Steven L. Gay

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This paper discusses a new adaptive filtering algorithm called fast affine projections (FAP). FAP’s key features include LMS like complexity and memory requirements (low), and RLS like convergence (fast) for the important case where the excitation signal is speech. Another of FAP’s important features is that it causes no delay in the input or output(More)
The post-translational addition of the monosaccharide O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) regulates the activity of a wide variety of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. The enzymes O-GlcNAc Transferase (Ogt) and O-GlcNAcase (Oga) catalyze, respectively, the attachment and removal of O-GlcNAc to target proteins. In adult mice, Ogt and Oga attenuate the(More)
This paper introduces a class of normalized natural gradient algorithms (NNGs) for adaptive filtering tasks. Natural gradient techniques are useful for generating relatively simple adaptive filtering algorithms where the space of the adaptive coefficients is curved or warped with respect to Euclidean space. The advantage of normalizing gradient adaptive(More)
In this paper a wideband stereophonic acoustic echo canceler is presented. The fundamental difficulty of stereophonic acoustic echo cancellation (SAEC) is described and an echo canceler based on a fast recursive least squares algorithm in a subband structure is proposed. This structure have been used in a real-time implementation, on which experiments have(More)
Soft-phone technology for Internet protocol (IP) voice is growing in importance. However, soft phones exhibit poorer quality than public switched telephone network (PSTN) phones. A goal is to improve that quality, perhaps even to the point that the communication experience is better than with PSTN phones. This letter presents an analysis of soft-phone(More)
Teleconferencing systems employ acoustic echo cancelers to reduce echoes that results from the coupling between loudspeaker and microphone. To enhance the sound realism, two-channel audio is necessary. However, stereophonic acoustic echo cancellation is more difficult to solve because of the necessity to uniquely identify two acoustic paths, which becomes(More)
Teleconferencing systems employ acoustic echo cancelers to reduce echoes that results from the coupling between loudspeaker and microphone. To enhance the sound realism, two-channel audio is necessary. However, stereophonic acoustic echo cancellation is more difficult to solve because of the necessity to uniquely identify two acoustic paths, which becomes(More)
This paper presents the state of the art of stereophonic acoustic echo cancellation (SAEC) in terms of theoretical results and practical considerations that has to be made when implementing SAEC algorithms. The fundamental difficulty of SAEC is described and an echo canceler based on a fast recursive least squares algorithm in a subband structure is(More)