Steven L Dain

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A prototype armoured laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was compared with tracheal intubation (ETT) for anaesthesia for adenotonsillectomy. Fifty-five children were randomised into the LMA group and 54 into the ETT group. During insertion of the LMA, peripheral oxyhaemoglobin desaturation (SpO2) < 94% occurred in ten patients (18.2%) and in seven patients (13%)(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of the study was to assess the suitability and safety of the flexible reinforced laryngeal mask airway (FRLMA) for intranasal surgery (INS) anesthesia. A secondary objective was to compare the incidence of complications of removal of the FRLMA with tracheal extubation in awake and anesthetized patients. One hundred fourteen ASA(More)
PURPOSE Eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics (EMLA) produces cutaneous analgesia. This randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study evaluated the efficacy of EMLA cream during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) using the Dornier MFL 5000 lithotripter. METHODS Patients scheduled to undergo lithotripsy of renal or pelviureteric junction(More)
The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a relatively recent development that fills the gap in airway management between endotracheal intubation and the use of a face mask. The device is inserted blindly into the pharynx, forming a low-pressure seal around the laryngeal inlet permitting gentle positive-pressure ventilation. It allows the administration of inhaled(More)
The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised Edition 2011 (the guidelines) were prepared by the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society (CAS), which reserves the right to determine their publication and distribution. Because the guidelines are subject to revision, updated versions are published annually. Whereas previous versions of the guidelines(More)
PURPOSE Both opioid and non-opioid medications are being utilized increasingly in the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain, and the number of surgical patients receiving large regular doses of opioids is ever-expanding. The perioperative pain control of these patients is often challenging, and is broadening the role of the anesthesiologist as 'perioperative(More)
Considerable controversy exists about the perioperative management of patients at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in free-standing clinics. Eighty-eight percent of an American Society of Anesthesiologists expert panel felt that upper abdominal laparoscopic surgery could not be performed safely on an outpatient basis. We sought to review the(More)
OVERVIEW The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised Edition 2016 (the guidelines) were prepared by the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society (CAS), which reserves the right to determine their publication and distribution. Because the guidelines are subject to revision, updated versions are published annually. The Guidelines to the Practice of(More)
High-risk systems, which are typical of our technologically complex era, include not just nuclear power plants but also hospitals, anesthesia systems, and the practice of medicine and perfusion. In high-risk systems, no matter how effective safety devices are, some types of accidents are inevitable because the system's complexity leads to multiple and(More)