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Previous studies of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) have emphasized injury-related variables rather than environmental factors as predictors of recovery. We addressed this concern using data collected during a prospective study of children with either TBI or orthopedic injuries (OI) and their families. Participants included 53 children with severe(More)
Recent emphasis on high resolution gradient echo studies in functional imaging has led to the conclusion that there are likely three domains of response to the blood circulation in the brain when considering field inhomogeneity effects of the venous blood pre- and during activation. The first is a coherent effect due to large or macroscopic vessels on the(More)
This study examined recovery over the first year following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children 6-12 years of age. Forty-two children with severe TBI and 52 with moderate TBI were compared to 58 children with orthopedic injuries. The children and their families were evaluated at a baseline assessment and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Findings(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to determine whether functional MRI on a standard 1.5 T system can localize activation during a visual vigilance sustained attention task and whether this corresponds to results described in a PET investigation of a similar task. METHOD Sixteen volunteers were studied on a 1.5 T system using a gradient echo technique. A single axial(More)
Previous studies of children with Landau-Kleffner syndrome and related language-epilepsy syndromes have focused on the relationship of seizure control to language recovery. We examined the effect of premorbid language skills and behavior, as well as some characteristics of clinical seizures and electroencephalograms, on language recovery in a retrospective(More)
Gender specific discrepancies on psychometric examination are often interpreted to reflect static differences in cerebral hemisphere specialization, but dynamic alterations relating to circulating gonadal hormones may also be relevant after puberty. The often cited inference of a right hemisphere advantage in males and left hemisphere advantage in females(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated factors that influence MR signal changes during photic stimulation of the visual cortex. We also tested the hypothesis that functional MR imaging response corresponds to electroencephalographic (EEG) synchronization after photic stimulation. METHODS Thirty-eight healthy subjects, 20 men and 18 women, underwent photic stimulation of(More)
The present study examined the extent to which verbal auditory agnosia (VAA) is primarily a phonemic decoding disorder, as contrasted to a more global defect in acoustic processing. Subjects were six young adults who presented with VAA in childhood and who, at the time of testing, showed varying degrees of residual auditory discrimination impairment. They(More)
When a child is admitted to the hospital with presumed encephalitis, the physician must use clinical criteria to gauge the appropriate level of hospital care and to give a preliminary assessment of outcome to the family because the etiology is unknown. This study attempted to determine which clinical factors gathered on hospital admission would be most(More)