Steven Kaplan

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No. This paper investigates the relationship between financing constraints and investment-cash flow sensitivities by analyzing the firms identified by Fazzari, Hubbard, and Petersen as having unusually high investment-cash flow sensitivities. We find that firms that appear less financially constrained exhibit significantly greater sensitivities than firms(More)
This paper studies thirty-one highly leveraged transactions ~HLTs! that become financially, not economically, distressed. The net effect of the HLT and financial distress ~from pretransaction to distress resolution, marketor industry-adjusted! is to increase value slightly. This finding strongly suggests that, overall, the HLTs of the late 1980s created(More)
In this paper, we compare the characteristics of real world financial contracts to their counterparts in financial contracting theory. We do so by conducting a detailed study of actual contracts between venture capitalists (VCs) and entrepreneurs. VCs are the real world entities who arguably most closely approximate the investors of theory. (1) The(More)
This paper investigates the performance and capital inflows of private equity partnerships. Average fund returns (net of fees) approximately equal the S&P 500 although substantial heterogeneity across funds exists. Returns persist strongly across subsequent funds of a partnership. Better performing partnerships are more likely to raise follow-on funds and(More)
We use a simple model to outline the conditions under which corporate investment is sensitive to nonfundamental movements in stock prices. The key prediction is that stock prices have a stronger impact on the investment of “equity-dependent” firms—firms that need external equity to finance marginal investments. Using an index of equity dependence based on(More)
Steven N. Kaplan is Neubauer Family Professor of Entrepreneurship and Finance, University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, Chicago, Illinois. Per Strömberg is Professor of Finance at the Stockholm School of Economics and Director of the Swedish Institute of Financial Research (SIFR), both in Stockholm, Sweden. Both authors are also Research(More)
C orporate governance in the United States changed dramatically throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Before 1980, corporate governance—meaning the mechanisms by which corporations and their managers are governed—was relatively inactive. Then, the 1980s ushered in a large wave of merger, takeover and restructuring activity. This activity was distinguished by its(More)
This paper is the first to study the effect of financial restatement on bank loan contracting. Compared with loans initiated before restatement, loans initiated after restatement have significantly higher spreads, shorter maturities, higher likelihood of being secured, and more covenant restrictions. The increase in loan spread is significantly larger for(More)
We study the investment analyses of 67 portfolio investments by 11 venture capital (VC) firms. VCs describe the strengths and risks of the investments as well as expected postinvestment actions. We classify the risks into three categories and relate them to the allocation of cash flow rights, contingencies, control rights, and liquidation rights between VCs(More)