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Adrenal aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs) constitutively produce the salt-retaining hormone aldosterone and are a common cause of severe hypertension. Recurrent mutations in the potassium channel gene KCNJ5 that result in cell depolarization and Ca(2+) influx cause ∼40% of these tumors. We identified 5 somatic mutations (4 altering Gly403 and 1 altering(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome, characterized primarily by multiple tumors in the parathyroid glands, endocrine pancreas, and anterior pituitary. Other tumors, including gastrinoma, carcinoid, adrenal cortical tumors, angiofibroma, collagenoma, and lipoma, also occur in some patients. Individuals with(More)
Expanding applications of cDNA microarrays such as fine needle aspiration biopsy and laser capture microdissection necessitate the ability to perform arrays with minute starting amounts of RNA. While methods for amplifying RNA have been advocated, the fidelity of array results using amplified material has not been fully validated. Here we demonstrate(More)
CONTEXT Selective intraarterial calcium injection of the major pancreatic arteries with hepatic venous sampling [calcium arterial stimulation (CaStim)] has been used as a localizing tool for insulinomas at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) since 1989. The accuracy of this technique for localizing insulinomas was reported for all cases until 1996. (More)
We have demonstrated previously the oncolytic effects of a systemically delivered, replicating vaccinia virus. To enhance the tumor specificity of this vector, we have developed a combined thymidine kinase-deleted (TK-) and vaccinia growth factor-deleted (VGF-) vaccinia virus and investigated its properties in vitro and in vivo. The gene for enhanced green(More)
BACKGROUND Drug resistance in breast cancer is a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy. In this study we used cDNA microarray technology to examine gene expression profiles obtained from fine needle aspiration (FNA) of primary breast tumors before and after systemic chemotherapy. Our goal was to determine the feasibility of obtaining representative(More)
With the role of angiogenesis in tumor growth and progression firmly established, considerable effort has been directed to antiangiogenic therapy as a new modality to treat human cancers. Antiangiogenic agents have recently received much widespread attention but strategies for their optimal use are still being developed. Gene therapy represents an(More)
BACKGROUND We report results of using isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) in patients with advanced progressive liver metastases (LM) from pancreatic and gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). METHODS Thirteen patients with LM from NENs (mean percent hepatic replacement, 30; range, 10-60) were treated with a 1-hour hyperthermic IHP via a(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare disease treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Estimation of personalized survival times can potentially guide treatment and surveillance. METHODS We analyzed 104 patients who underwent CRS and cisplatin-based HIPEC for MPM. By means of 25(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant insulinoma occurs in a few patients with insulinoma. Due to the small sample of patients, there are little data regarding their clinical manifestation as well as the preferred treatment modalities. The aims of the current study were to summarize the National Institutes of Health experience during the last two decades and to conduct a(More)