Steven K. Davidsen

Learn More
Acetylation of histones in chromatin is one mechanism involved in the regulation of gene transcription and is tightly controlled by the balance of acetyltransferase and deacetylase (HDAC) activities. In cancer, some genes are repressed by the inappropriate recruitment of HDACs, e.g., tumor suppressor genes. To understand the genomic effects of HDAC(More)
To further investigate potential mechanisms of resistance to FLT3 inhibitors, we developed a resistant cell line by long-term culture of MV4-11 cells with ABT-869, designated as MV4-11-R. Gene profiling reveals up-regulation of FLT3LG (FLT3 ligand) and BIRC5 (survivin), but down-regulation of SOCS1, SOCS2, and SOCS3 in MV4-11-R cells. Hypermethylation of(More)
In 15% to 30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), aberrant proliferation is a consequence of a juxtamembrane mutation in the FLT3 gene (FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication [FLT3-ITD]), causing constitutive kinase activity. ABT-869 (a multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor) inhibited the phosphorylation of FLT3, STAT5,(More)
ABT-869 is a structurally novel, receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor that is a potent inhibitor of members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor families (e.g., KDR IC50 = 4 nmol/L) but has much less activity (IC50s > 1 micromol/L) against unrelated RTKs, soluble tyrosine kinases, or(More)
The role of the individual histone deacetylases (HDACs) in the regulation of cancer cell proliferation was investigated using siRNA-mediated protein knockdown. The siRNA for HDAC3 and HDAC1 demonstrated significant morphological changes in HeLa S3 consistent with those observed with HDAC inhibitors. SiRNA for HDAC 4 or 7 produced no morphological changes in(More)
ABT-770 [(S)-N-[1-[[4'-trifluoromethoxy-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl]oxy]methyl-2-(4,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxo-1-imidazolidinyl)ethyl]-N-hydroxyformamide], a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPI), produced generalized phospholipidosis in rats. Phospholipid accumulation was accompanied by retention of drug-related material and was associated with increased mortality.(More)
A novel series of sulfone N-formylhydroxylamines (retrohydroxamates) have been investigated as matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) inhibitors. The substitution of the ether linkage of ABT-770 (5) with a sulfone group 13a led to a substantial increase in activity against MMP-9 but was accompanied by a loss of selectivity for inhibition of MMP-2 and -9 over MMP-1(More)
In our continued efforts to search for potent and novel receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitors as potential anticancer agents, we discovered, through a structure-based design, that 3-aminoindazole could serve as an efficient hinge-binding template for kinase inhibitors. By incorporating an N,N'-diaryl urea moiety at the C4-position of 3-aminodazole, a(More)
ABT-299 is an aqueous soluble prodrug that is converted rapidly in vivo to A-85783, a novel, highly potent, specific platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist. The K, for inhibiting PAF binding to rabbit platelet membranes is 3.9 and 0.3 nM for human platelets. Inhibition is selective and reversible and is correlated with functional antagonism of(More)
Human atrial natriuretic peptide [ANF(1-28)] contains five arginine residues and carries an overall positive change of four. It was hypothesized that atrial peptides may induce mast cell histamine release. In vitro, three atrial peptides [ANF(1-28), (3-28) and (5-28)] were demonstrated to induce dose-dependent histamine release from isolated rat peritoneal(More)