Steven Jay Schneider

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Radical surgery is the most important treatment modality for ependymoma. The benefit of adjuvant radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy following a gross total resection of a low grade intracranial ependymoma is uncertain. Since 1990 we elected to defer adjuvant therapy in 7 pediatric patients with a median age of 7 years (range 3-16 years) who had a radical(More)
FULLY implantable devices or drug–device combinations, such as intrathecal drug delivery (DD) systems and spinal cord stimulation (SCS) systems, increasingly are used for the treatment of chronic intractable pain. Another approved indication for intrathecal DD systems is the administration of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) to treat medically intractable(More)
The long-term outcome of 75 children who underwent methyl methacrylate cranioplasty over a 15-year period is presented. Forty-two patients underwent cranioplasty for posttraumatic skull defects and 33 for nontraumatic causes. Within 8 years following initial cranioplasty procedure, a total of 17 (23%) complications occurred. Several factors correlated with(More)
Astroblastoma, a unique glial tumor, has been described in the literature in case reports and small series. Its rarity has prevented evidenced-based treatment stratification. An 8-year-old boy presented with signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. Imaging studies of the brain demonstrated a large heterogeneously enhancing solid mass in the left(More)
Early studies on ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunctions demonstrated that proximal catheter obstruction was the most common cause for shunt malfunction and choroid plexus was the primary culprit for catheter obstruction. Subsequently, several studies were performed using stereotactic and endoscopic guidance systems to assist with optimal placement of(More)
Several different disease loci with unknown genetic background map to human Xp11. In a systematic search for novel genes, we identified a novel transcript, UXT (HGMW-approved symbol), close to the ELK1 locus in Xp11.23-p11.22. The gene is composed of seven exons and encodes a protein of 157 amino acids, which is highly conserved in mouse. We showed that UXT(More)
New approaches to inducing altitude acclimation in a relatively short timeframe are needed, as it is not practical for many soldiers and athletes to gain access to specialized training facilities. Acclimation to one environmental stressor could enhance adaptation to various other stressors in animals and humans. This phenomenon has been described as(More)
Musicogenic epilepsy (ME) is a condition in which seizures are triggered by music. We describe a novel investigation of the mechanisms of ME using noninvasive (ictal 2-flurodeoxyglucose (2-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)) and invasive (subdural arrays and depth electrodes) methodology in one patient with ME. Ictal PET defined onsets in the right(More)
To provide the neurological and neurosurgical communities with case evidence of postoperative multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse, literature review to support operative stress-induced relapse and recommendations for perioperative prophylaxis to prevent relapse in patients undergoing surgery. Two case studies are presented with recommendations based on an(More)
Twenty children with vein of Galen malformations and hydrocephalus required a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Shunt placement was associated with a 70% incidence of complications that included status epilepticus in 3 patients, intraventricular hemorrhage in 7 patients, and subdural hematoma or hygroma in 5 patients. Based upon this experience, the authors(More)