Steven J. Winder

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Calponin isolated from chicken gizzard smooth muscle inhibits the actin-activated MgATPase activity of smooth muscle myosin in a reconstituted system composed of contractile and regulatory proteins. ATPase inhibition is not due to inhibition of myosin phosphorylation since, at calponin concentrations sufficient to cause maximal ATPase inhibition, myosin(More)
Many cell adhesion-dependent processes are regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation. In order to investigate the role of tyrosine phosphorylation of the utrophin-dystroglycan complex we treated suspended or adherent cultures of HeLa cells with peroxyvanadate and immunoprecipitated (beta)-dystroglycan and utrophin from cell extracts. Western blotting of(More)
Utrophin, or dystrophin-related protein, is an autosomal homologue of dystrophin. The protein is apparently ubiquitously expressed and in muscle tissues the expression is developmentally regulated. Since utrophin has a similar domain structure to dystrophin it has been suggested that it could substitute for dystrophin in dystrophic muscle. Like dystrophin,(More)
Several determinants of aging, including metabolic capacity and genetic stability, are recognized in both yeast and humans. However, many aspects of the pathways leading to cell death remain to be elucidated. Here we report a role for the actin cytoskeleton both in cell death and in promoting longevity. We have analyzed yeast strains expressing mutants with(More)
There is considerable sequence homology between dystrophin and utrophin, both at the protein and DNA level, and consequently it was assumed that their domain structures and functions would be similar. As more of the detailed biochemical and cell biological properties of these two proteins become known, so it becomes clear that there are subtle if not(More)
Dystroglycan is part of an adhesion receptor complex linking the extracellular matrix to the actin cytoskeleton. Previous studies have implicated dystroglycan in basement membrane formation and as a crucial link between dystrophin and laminin in muscle. We report here a further novel function for dystroglycan which appears to be in addition to its role as(More)
The WW domain is one of the smallest yet most versatile protein-protein interaction modules. The ability of this simple domain to interact with a number of proline-containing ligands has resulted in a great deal of functional diversity. Most recently it has been shown that WW domain interactions can also be differentially regulated by tyrosine(More)
Dystroglycan is an important cell adhesion receptor linking the actin cytoskeleton, via utrophin and dystrophin, to laminin in the extracellular matrix. To identify adhesion-related signalling molecules associated with dystroglycan, we conducted a yeast two-hybrid screen and identified mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase 2 (MEK2) as a(More)
Recent studies with transgenic animals have considerably advanced our knowledge of the roles of dystrophin and utrophin in both muscle and non-muscle tissues. Rigorous analyses of the roles of the various mdx mutations in mice, as well as the use of artificial transgenes in an mdx background, are beginning to define the functional importance of various(More)
BACKGROUND Utrophin is a large multidomain protein that belongs to a superfamily of actin-binding proteins, which includes dystrophin, alpha-actinin, beta-spectrin, fimbrin, filamin and plectin. All the members of this family contain a common actin-binding region at their N termini and perform a wide variety of roles associated with the actin cytoskeleton.(More)