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The interaction of aminoglycosides with RNA represents a paradigm in the use of small molecules as effectors of RNA function. Aminoglycosides bind and affect the function of a variety of therapeutically useful RNA targets and show antimicrobial as well as antiviral activities. However, due to the complex nature of aminoglycosides, efforts for synthesizing(More)
Proteins are folded to form a small binding site for catalysis or ligand recognition and this small binding site is traditionally the target for drug discovery. An alternative target for potential drug candidates is the translational process, which requires a precise reading of the entire mRNA sequence and, therefore, can be interrupted with small molecules(More)
The emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis necessitates a search for new antimycobacterial compounds. The antigen 85 (ag85) complex is a family of mycolyl transferases involved in the synthesis of trehalose-6,6'-dimycolate and the mycolated hexasaccharide motif found at the terminus of the arabinogalactan in mycobacterium. Enzymes involved in the(More)
The prevalence of drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) emphasizes the need for new antitubercular drugs. An essential component of the drug discovery process is the development of tools to rapidly screen potential drug libraries against important biological targets. Similarly to well-documented M. tb targets, the antigen 85 (Ag85)(More)
The emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) necessitates the need to identify new anti-tuberculosis drug targets as well as to better understand essential biosynthetic pathways. GlgE is a Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) encoded maltosyltransferase involved in α-glucan biosynthesis. Deletion of GlgE in Mtb results in the accumulation(More)
Glyco-optimization (OPopS) of aminoglycosides has been performed by replacing the existing sugar moiety with a variety of sugar derivatives. Glycosylation of the 6-position of nebramine provided a library of novel 4,6-linked aminoglycosides (AMGs). Among them, compounds 8b,g,i,l, and 8u with 2"-amino, 2",3"-diamino, 2",4"-diamino, 3",4"-diamino, 3"-amino(More)
GlgE is a bacterial maltosyltransferase that catalyzes the elongation of a cytosolic, branched α-glucan. In Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb), inactivation of GlgE (Mtb GlgE) results in the rapid death of the organism due to a toxic accumulation of the maltosyl donor, maltose-1-phosphate (M1P), suggesting that GlgE is an intriguing target for inhibitor(More)
Long treatment times, poor drug compliance, and natural selection during treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) have given rise to extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). As a result, there is a need to identify new antituberculosis drug targets. Mtb GlgE is a maltosyl transferase involved in α-glucan biosynthesis. Mutation of GlgE in Mtb(More)