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OBJECTIVE It was our primary objective to provide evidence supporting the existence of neural detectors for postural instability that could trigger the compensatory adjustments to avoid falls. METHODS Twelve young healthy subjects performed self-initiated oscillatory and discrete postural movements in the anterior-posterior (AP) directions with maximal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess gait in patients with autism. DESIGN Clinical and physiologic assessment. SETTING Research hospital. PATIENTS AND SUBJECTS Five adults with autism and five healthy, age-matched control subjects. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S) Clinical and biomechanical assessment. RESULTS Clinical assessment showed mild clumsiness in four patients and(More)
In standing humans, it is not certain whether anticipatory postural adjustments associated with rapid, voluntary elbow flexion movements (focal movements) originate as a selection from preset synergies or as the result of specific planning of motor commands. We studied these muscle recruitment patterns when the same focal movement was made under behavioral(More)
Normal subjects performed bilaterally symmetric rapid elbow flexions or extensions ("focal movements") while standing. Specific patterns of electromyographic activity in leg and trunk muscles ("associated postural adjustments") were seen for each type of movement. The biomechanical significance of these postural adjustments was analysed by means of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the suitability of using biomechanic measures associated with a minimum measured input model (MMIM) approach to assess mobility of people with chronic stroke during the execution of a sit-to-stand (STS) to upright posture motor task. DESIGN Single group, observational. SETTING Institutional settings in the United States and Italy. (More)
Passive-dynamic ankle-foot orthoses (PD-AFOs) constitute a class of ankle braces that rely on material properties and physical features to establish functional characteristics such as bending or rotational stiffness. We have developed a novel framework that combines a fully parameterized PD-AFO computer-aided design (CAD) model and free-form fabrication to(More)
This study investigated the effects of an adaptive physical activity (APA) program on mobility function and quality of life (QOL) in chronic stroke patients. Twenty subjects with chronic hemiparesis completed a 2-month, combined group, class-home exercise regimen that emphasized mobility training. APA improved Berg Balance Scale scores (35 +/- 2 vs 45 +/-(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether Adaptive Physical Activity (APA-stroke), a community-based exercise program for participants with hemiparetic stroke, improves function in the community. METHODS Nonrandomized controlled study in Tuscany, Italy, of participants with mild to moderate hemiparesis at least 9 months after stroke. Forty-nine participants in a(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if gastrocnemius elongation or shortening and direction and velocity of knee movement influenced knee kinesthesia. Healthy volunteers sat with their knee flexed (20 degrees) and was then passively rotated (flexion or extension) at three velocities (0.5, 2, or 10 degrees/s) while the ankle was either fixed or(More)
Bending stiffness of passive-dynamic ankle–foot orthoses (PD-AFOs) is a functional characteristic thought to restore lost ankle function due to weakened plantar flexors. However, lower extremity impairment profiles of patients are seldom limited to plantar flexion weakness, and PD-AFO characteristics often influence gait in other ways. Combined, all PD-AFO(More)