Steven J. Stanhope

Thomas M Kepple3
Karen Lohmann Siegel3
Jeri L Miller2
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BACKGROUND The ability to redirect the path of the foot during walking is critical for responding to perturbations and maintaining upright stability. The purpose of the current study was to compare mechanisms of reactive stepping adjustments in young versus older adults when responding to an unexpected perturbation during voluntary step initiation. (More)
Ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) designs vary in size, shape, and functional characteristics depending on the desired clinical application. Passive Dynamic (PD) Response ankle-foot orthoses (PD-AFOs) constitute a design that seeks to improve walking ability for persons with various neuromuscular disorders by passively (like a spring) providing variable levels of(More)
The purpose of this case series was to quantify the effectiveness of different compensatory strategies used by individuals with muscle weakness to produce knee extension during the stance phase gait. Subjects were three males with less than anti-gravity strength in the quadriceps femoris and a variable pattern of weakness elsewhere in the lower extremity.(More)
Passive-dynamic ankle-foot orthoses (PD-AFOs) constitute a class of ankle braces that rely on material properties and physical features to establish functional characteristics such as bending or rotational stiffness. We have developed a novel framework that combines a fully parameterized PD-AFO computer-aided design (CAD) model and free-form fabrication to(More)
Relative motion plots are the most prevalent method for displaying interjoint coupling. The method, however, is limited when amplitude and timing comparisons of like data are of interest. Another limitation of relative motion plots is that the second parameter (e.g., angle) is included at the expense of a continuous time reference. In this paper, we present(More)
Drugs can treat human diseases through chemical interactions between the ingredients and intended targets in the human body. However, the ingredients could unexpectedly interact with off-targets, which may cause adverse drug side effects. Notifying patients and physicians of potential drug effects is an important step in improving healthcare quality and(More)
Over the last half-century, the field of prosthetic engineering has continuously evolved with much attention being dedicated to restoring the mechanical energy properties of ankle joint musculatures during gait. However, the contributions of 'distal foot structures' (e.g., foot muscles, plantar soft tissue) have been overlooked. Therefore, the purpose of(More)
Persons with a unilateral, trans-tibial amputation have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis (OA) in the knee of their intact limb. Between-side strength discrepancies observed in individuals with an amputation may indicate overuse of the intact limb and increased osteoarthritis risk; however, the relationship between lower extremity strength and(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the suitability of using biomechanic measures associated with a minimum measured input model (MMIM) approach to assess mobility of people with chronic stroke during the execution of a sit-to-stand (STS) to upright posture motor task. DESIGN Single group, observational. SETTING Institutional settings in the United States and Italy. (More)
The study purpose was to estimate the ability of joint moments to transfer mechanical energy through the leg and trunk during gait. A segmental power analysis of five healthy adult subjects revealed that internal joint extensor moments removed energy from the leg and added energy to the trunk, while flexor moments and gravity produced the opposite effects.(More)