Steven J. Schneider

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Neurological deterioration in the tethered cord syndrome has been postulated to result from a compromise of blood flow in the distal spinal cord. In order to evaluate vascular perfusion in human subjects, a new technique of laser-Doppler flowmetry was used to monitor continuously the microcirculation of the distal spinal cord during surgery for tethered(More)
The long-term outcome of 75 children who underwent methyl methacrylate cranioplasty over a 15-year period is presented. Forty-two patients underwent cranioplasty for posttraumatic skull defects and 33 for nontraumatic causes. Within 8 years following initial cranioplasty procedure, a total of 17 (23%) complications occurred. Several factors correlated with(More)
Accelerated development of secondary sexual characteristics or sexual precocity is a well-known entity. Most authors recognize two groups of patients, those described as having central precocious puberty (CPP) and those with precocious pseudopuberty. CPP results from premature activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and pseudopuberty is caused(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with pineal lesions typically present with the classical signs of increased intracranial pressure (headache, nausea, vomiting) and/or Parinaud's syndrome. Rare symptomatology of secondary parkinsonism attributed to pineal lesions has been previously reported in the literature. We describe an unusual case of a pineal cyst in a patient(More)
We are reporting a case of an infant with an intracranial malignant teratoma which was diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound at 37 weeks of gestational age. After a cesarean delivery, the resection of the tumor was performed at 24 h of age. This infant is currently the oldest reported survivor that carries this prenatal diagnosis. He is also the first reported(More)
Musicogenic epilepsy (ME) is a condition in which seizures are triggered by music. We describe a novel investigation of the mechanisms of ME using noninvasive (ictal 2-flurodeoxyglucose (2-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)) and invasive (subdural arrays and depth electrodes) methodology in one patient with ME. Ictal PET defined onsets in the right(More)
The authors describe the case of a child who presented with hydrocephalus and phenotypic features characteristic of a multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome. Dysmorphic facies, medial plantar lipomatosis, and developmental delay were observed in this case and are identical to documented findings of Pierpont syndrome diagnosed in 3 boys.(More)
OBJECT Medulloblastomas are the most common malignant brain tumors in children. These tumors are highly invasive, and patients harboring these lesions are frequently diagnosed with distant spread. In this study, the authors investigated the role of Rac1, a member of the Rho family of small guanosine triphosphatases, in medulloblastoma invasion. METHODS(More)
Early studies on ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunctions demonstrated that proximal catheter obstruction was the most common cause for shunt malfunction and choroid plexus was the primary culprit for catheter obstruction. Subsequently, several studies were performed using stereotactic and endoscopic guidance systems to assist with optimal placement of(More)