Steven J. McBryant

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The release of GA (mitochondrial glutaminase) from neurons following acute ischaemia or during chronic neurodegenerative diseases may contribute to the propagation of glutamate excitotoxicity. Thus an inhibitor that selectively inactivates the released GA may limit the accumulation of excess glutamate and minimize the loss of neurological function that(More)
To probe the tertiary structure and domain organization of native methyl CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2), the recombinant human e2 isoform was purified to homogeneity and characterized by analytical ultracentrifugation, CD, and protease digestion. The location of intrinsic disorder in the MeCP2 sequence was predicted using the FoldIndex algorithm. MeCP2 was(More)
The H1 linker histones are abundant chromatin-associated DNA-binding proteins. Recent evidence suggests that linker histones also may function through protein-protein interactions. To gain a better understanding of the scope of linker histone involvement in protein-protein interactions, we used a proteomics approach to identify H1-binding proteins in human(More)
The yeast nucleosome assembly protein 1 (yNAP1) participates in many diverse activities, such as the assembly of newly synthesized DNA into chromatin and the rearrangement of nucleosomes during transcriptional activation. yNAP1 does not require ATP hydrolysis to perform these functions and is a valuable tool for in vitro chromatin assembly. Using(More)
The histone chaperone nucleosome assembly protein 1 (NAP1) is implicated in histone shuttling as well as nucleosome assembly and disassembly. Under physiological conditions, NAP1 dimers exist in a mixture of various high-molecular-weight oligomers whose size may be regulated by the cell cycle-dependent concentration of NAP1. Both the functional and(More)
The HTLV-1 transcriptional activator Tax is required for viral replication and pathogenesis. In concert with human CREB, Tax recruits the human transcriptional coactivator and histone acetyltransferase p300/CBP to the HTLV-1 promoter. Here we investigate the structural features of the interaction between Tax and the KIX domain of p300/CBP. Circular(More)
Linker histones, e.g., H1, are best known for their ability to bind to nucleosomes and stabilize both nucleosome structure and condensed higher-order chromatin structures. However, over the years many investigators have reported specific interactions between linker histones and proteins involved in important cellular processes. The purpose of this review is(More)
Linker histones are multi-domain nucleosome binding proteins that stabilize higher order chromatin structures and engage in specific protein-protein interactions. Here we emphasize the structural and functional properties of the linker histone C-terminal domain (CTD), focusing on its intrinsic disorder, interaction-induced secondary structure formation and(More)
The accessibility of eukaryotic DNA is dependent upon the hierarchical level of chromatin organization. These include (1) intra-nucleosome interactions, (2) inter-nucleosome interactions and (3) the influence of non-histone chromatin architectural proteins. There appears to be interplay between all these levels, in that one level can override another or(More)
The self-association properties of the yeast nucleosome assembly protein 1 (yNAP1) have been investigated using biochemical and biophysical methods. Protein cross-linking and calibrated gel filtration chromatography of yNAP1 indicate the protein exists as a complex mixture of species at physiologic ionic strength (75-150 mM). Sedimentation velocity reveals(More)