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There has recently been considerable debate over the relative importance of selection against hybrids ("endogenous" selection) vs. adaptation to different environments ("exogenous") in maintaining stable hybrid zones and hence in speciation. Single-locus models of endogenous and exogenous viability selection generate clines of similar shape, but the(More)
Genetic mapping methods provide a unique opportunity to study the interactions of differentiated genes and genomes in a hybrid genetic background. After a brief discussion of theoretical and analytical concerns, we review the application of these methods to a wide range of evolutionary issues. Map-based studies of experimental hybrids indicate that most(More)
Adaptation and reproductive isolation, the engines of biological diversity, are still elusive when discussing the genetic bases of speciation. Namely, the number of genes and magnitude of selection acting positively or negatively on genomic traits implicated in speciation is contentious. Here, we describe the first steps of an ongoing research program aimed(More)
What is the chance that some part of a stretch of genome will survive? In a population of constant size, and with no selection, the probability of survival of some part of a stretch of map length y < 1 approaches y/log(yt/2) for log(yt) > or = 1. Thus, the whole genome is certain to be lost, but the rate of loss is extremely slow. This solution extends to(More)
Vegetation of wetlands adjacent to headwater streams on the Kenai Lowlands was dominated by Calamagrostis canadensis, indicating that it is a keystone species that influences stream-wetland interactions across a wide range of geomorphic settings from which headwater streams have their origin. We sampled 30 sites as part of a project to determine the(More)
Hybrid or "recombinational" speciation refers to the origin of a new homoploid species via hybridization between chromosomally or genetically divergent parental species. Theory predicts that this mode of speciation is punctuated, but there has been little empirical evidence to support this claim. Here, we test the hypothesis of rapid hybrid speciation by(More)
Headwater streams are typically closely connected with the surrounding watershed landscape, making them sensitive to local watershed conditions. Headwater streams of the Kenai Lowlands in Alaska provide important rearing habitat for juvenile salmon and other biota, and understanding the connections between surrounding landscapes and stream conditions will(More)
Estuaries are among the most productive ecosystems in the world and provide important rearing environments for a variety of fish species. Though generally considered important transitional habitats for smolting salmon, little is known about the role that estuaries serve for rearing and the environmental conditions important for salmon. We illustrate how(More)
Previously described methods of phenotyping red cells sensitised with IgG using the indirect antiglobulin test required the dissociation of the coating protein. Based on an entirely different principle, Fab fragments of anti-human IgG (Fab anti-IgG) were used to block the antiglobulin binding sites on cell-bound IgG molecules, removing the necessity to(More)
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