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Parenchymal lung inflammation and airway and alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis are associated with cigarette smoke exposure (CSE), which contributes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Epidemiological studies indicate that people exposed to chronic cigarette smoke with or without COPD are more susceptible to influenza A virus (IAV) infection.(More)
Interaction between urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) localizes cellular proteolysis and promotes cellular proliferation and migration, effects that may contribute to the pathogenesis of lung inflammation and neoplasia. Enhanced uPAR expression as well as stabilization of uPAR mRNA by transforming growth factor-beta and(More)
Aging increases susceptibility to infection, in part because thymic involution culminates in reduced naïve T-lymphocyte output. Thymic epithelial cells (TECs) are critical to ensure normal maturation of thymocytes and production of peripheral T cells. The forkhead-class transcription factor, encoded by FoxN1, regulates development, differentiation, and(More)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is the primary physiological inhibitor that regulates tissue factor-induced blood coagulation. TFPI is thought to be synthesized, in vivo, primarily by microvascular endothelial cells. Little is known about how TFPI is regulated under pathophysiological conditions. In this study, we determined mechanisms by which TFPI(More)
Inhalation of asbestos is associated with pathologic changes in the pleural space, including pleural thickening, pleural plaques, and mesothelioma. These processes are characterized by altered local proteolysis, cellular proliferation, and cell migration, suggesting that the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) could be involved in the(More)
Links between epithelial ion channels and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) are emerging through animal model and in vitro studies. However, clinical correlations between fluid-regulating channel proteins and lung function in COPD remain to be elucidated. To quantitatively measure epithelial sodium channels (ENaC), cystic fibrosis transmembrane(More)
BACKGROUND Pleural infection affects about 65,000 patients annually in the US and UK. In this and other forms of pleural injury, mesothelial cells (PMCs) undergo a process called mesothelial (Meso) mesenchymal transition (MT), by which PMCs acquire a profibrogenic phenotype with increased expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and matrix proteins.(More)
Influenza A virus (IAV) targets airway epithelial cells and exploits the host cell machinery to replicate, causing respiratory illness in annual epidemics and pandemics of variable severity. The high rate of antigenic drift (viral mutation) and the putative antigenic shift (reassortant strains) have raised the need to find the host cell inducible factors(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a relentlessly progressive and usually fatal lung disease of unknown etiology for which no effective treatments currently exist. Hence, there is a profound need for the identification of novel drugable targets to develop more specific and efficacious therapeutic intervention in IPF. In this study, we performed(More)
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