Steven Hostyn

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The antiprotozoal activities of three naturally occurring isomeric indoloquinoline alkaloids, i.e., cryptolepine (1), neocryptolepine (2), and isocryptolepine (3), and two dimeric indoloquinoline alkaloids, cryptoquindoline (6) and biscryptolepine (7), originally obtained from the plant Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, were compared with those of a new synthetic(More)
Indoloquinoline alkaloids represent an important class of antimalarial, antibacterial and antiviral compounds. They have been shown to bind to DNA via intercalation preferentially at GC-rich sequences containing nonalternating CC sites. The stability of complexes formed with biological macromolecules depends on noncovalent binding. In the present study, the(More)
An auto-tandem Pd-catalyzed process consisting of an intramolecular direct arylation and an intermolecular Buchwald-Hartwig reaction for C-ring amino-substituted 1-methyl-1H-α-carboline synthesis has been developed. A mechanistic study of the direct arylation reaction revealed a rate effect of the inorganic base on the C-H activation step ("base effect").(More)
Forced degradation studies are an important tool for a systematic assessment of decomposition pathways and identification of reactive sites in active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Two methodologies have been combined in order to provide a deeper understanding of singlet oxygen-related degradation pathways of APIs under light irradiation. First, we(More)
Based on the indoloquinoline alkaloids cryptolepine (1), neocryptolepine (2), isocryptolepine (3) and isoneocryptolepine (4), used as lead compounds for new antimalarial agents, a series of tricyclic and bicyclic analogues, including carbolines, azaindoles, pyrroloquinolines and pyrroloisoquinolines was synthesized and biologically evaluated. None of the(More)
The photochemical stability of (1'R,2'S,3'S,4'R)-4'-azido-2'-deoxy-2'-methylcytidine hydrochloride, a new anti-HCV agent, was investigated. Aqueous solutions and bulk drug powder of the drug candidate were exposed to UV-visible light, complying with ICH requirements. The nucleoside analog decomposed via loss of nitrogen to yield products derived from a(More)
A series of chloro- and aminoalkylamino-substituted neocryptolepine (5-methyl-5H-indolo[2,3-b]quinoline) derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as antiplasmodial agents. The evaluation also included cytotoxicity (MRC5 cells), inhibition of beta-hematin formation, and DNA interactions (DNA-methyl green assay). Introduction of aminoalkylamino chains(More)
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