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Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) studies and random mutagenesis projects identify amino acid substitutions in protein-coding regions. Each substitution has the potential to affect protein function. SIFT (Sorting Intolerant From Tolerant) is a program that predicts whether an amino acid substitution affects protein function so that users can prioritize(More)
MOTIVATION As databanks grow, sequence classification and prediction of function by searching protein family databases becomes increasingly valuable. The original Blocks Database, which contains ungapped multiple alignments for families documented in Prosite, can be searched to classify new sequences. However, Prosite is incomplete, and families from other(More)
Each column of amino acids in a multiple alignment of protein sequences can be represented as a vector of 20 amino acid counts. For alignment and searching applications, the count vector is an imperfect representation of a position, because the observed sequences are an incomplete sample of the full set of related sequences. One general solution to this(More)
The Blocks Database WWW (http://blocks.fhcrc.org ) and Email (blocks@blocks.fhcrc.org ) servers provide tools to search DNA and protein queries against the Blocks+ Database of multiple alignments, which represent conserved protein regions. Blocks+ nearly doubles the number of protein families included in the database by adding families from the Pfam-A,(More)
We have developed a new primer design strategy for PCR amplification of distantly related gene sequences based on consensus-degenerate hybrid oligonucleotide primers (CODEHOPs). An interactive program has been written to design CODEHOP PCR primers from conserved blocks of amino acids within multiply-aligned protein sequences. Each CODEHOP consists of a pool(More)
A program has been developed that provides molecular biologists with multiple tools for searching databases, yet uses a very simple interface. PATMAT can use protein or (translated) DNA sequences, patterns or blocks of aligned proteins as queries of databases consisting of amino acid or nucleotide sequences, patterns or blocks. The ability to search(More)
The Blocks Database World Wide Web (http://www.blocks.fhcrc.org ) and Email (blocks@blocks.fhcrc.org) servers provide tools for the detection and analysis of protein homology based on alignment blocks representing conserved regions of proteins. During the past year, searching has been augmented by supplementation of the Blocks Database with blocks from the(More)
Blocks are ungapped multiple sequence alignments representing conserved protein regions, and the Blocks Database consists of blocks from documented protein families. World Wide Web (http://www. blocks.fhcrc.org) and Email (blocks@blocks.fhcrc.org) servers provide tools for homology searching and for analyzing protein family relationships. New enhancements(More)