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The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a cytosolic basic helix-loop-helix protein that associates with a chaperone complex that includes two molecules of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90). It has been hypothesized that after ligand binding, the AhR dissociates from its chaperone complex and translocates into the nucleus, where it heterodimerizes with its DNA(More)
Inosine triphosphate (ITP) pyrophosphohydrolase, or ITPase, is an intracellular enzyme that is responsible for the hydrolysis of the acidic anhydride bond between the alpha and beta phosphates in ITP, and other noncanonical nucleoside triphosphates, producing the corresponding nucleoside monophosphate and pyrophosphate. This activity protects the cell by(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) was cloned from the chick embryo and its function and developmental expression characterized. Chicken AhR cDNA coded for 858 amino acid protein and 396 bp of 3' UTR. The basic helix loop helix domain exhibited 87-100% amino acid identity to avian, mammalian, and amphibian AhR, and 69-74% to piscine AhR. The PAS(More)
In mammals, the toxicity of halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAH) correlates with their ability to activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). To test this correlation in an avian model, we selected six HAHs based on their affinity for the mammalian AHR, including: 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD); 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD);(More)
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