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The enzyme 11 ␤ –hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) type 1 converts inactive cortisone into active cortisol in cells, thereby raising the effective glucocorticoid (GC) tone above serum levels. We report that pharmacologic inhibition of 11 ␤-HSD1 has a therapeutic effect in mouse models of metabolic syndrome. Administration of a selective, potent 11 ␤-HSD1… (More)
The enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) type 1 converts inactive cortisone into active cortisol in cells, thereby raising the effective glucocorticoid (GC) tone above serum levels. We report that pharmacologic inhibition of 11beta-HSD1 has a therapeutic effect in mouse models of metabolic syndrome. Administration of a selective, potent… (More)
We recently reported the discovery of AM-8553 (1), a potent and selective piperidinone inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction. Continued research investigation of the N-alkyl substituent of this series, focused in particular on a previously underutilized interaction in a shallow cleft on the MDM2 surface, led to the discovery of a one-carbon tethered sulfone… (More)
Structure-based rational design led to the discovery of novel inhibitors of the MDM2-p53 protein-protein interaction. The affinity of these compounds for MDM2 was improved through conformational control of both the piperidinone ring and the appended N-alkyl substituent. Optimization afforded 29 (AM-8553), a potent and selective MDM2 inhibitor with excellent… (More)
p53 is a critical tumor suppressor and is the most frequently inactivated gene in human cancer. Inhibition of the interaction of p53 with its negative regulator MDM2 represents a promising clinical strategy to treat p53 wild-type tumors. AMG 232 is a potential best-in-class inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction and is currently in clinical trials. We… (More)
Adamantyl triazoles were identified as selective inhibitors of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1). They are active both in in vitro and in in vivo pharmacodynamic models. The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of these inhibitors are presented.
Structural analysis of both the MDM2-p53 protein-protein interaction and several small molecules bound to MDM2 led to the design and synthesis of tetrasubstituted morpholinone 10, an MDM2 inhibitor with a biochemical IC50 of 1.0 μM. The cocrystal structure of 10 with MDM2 inspired two independent optimization strategies and resulted in the discovery of… (More)
The development of the structurally complex MDM2/p53 inhibitor AM-8553 was impeded by the low yield of the initial synthesis. A second generation synthesis is described that features a Noyori dynamic kinetic resolution, a highly diastereoselective allylation, and a novel oxazoline-assisted piperidinone forming reaction to provide AM-8553 in 35.6% yield and… (More)
We previously reported the discovery of potent and selective morpholinone and piperidinone inhibitors of the MDM2-p53 interaction. These inhibitors have in common a carboxylic acid moiety that engages in an electrostatic interaction with MDM2-His96. Our continued search for potent and diverse inhibitors led to the discovery of novel replacements for these… (More)
4-Methyl-5-phenyl-(1,2,4)-triazoles were identified as selective inhibitors of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1). They were active in vitro and in an in vivo mouse pharmacodynamic (PD) model. The synthesis and structure activity relationships are presented.