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A 16-month old female child living on an Ontario dairy farm was taken to hospital suffering from bloody diarrhoea. Escherichia coli O157:H7 was isolated from her stool. Initial tests of well water samples were negative for E. coli by standard methods but culture of selected coliform colonies on sorbitol-MacConkey agar led to isolation of E. coli O157:H7. E.(More)
A 30-min fluorogenic test was developed for differentiation of members of the Candida parapsilosis group from other Candida species commonly encountered in clinical material. The fluorogenic substrate, 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-glucoside, was utilized to assay beta-glucosidase activity. A total of 50 C. parapsilosis isolates and 135 isolates of four other(More)
Bacillus cereus is responsible for an increasing number of food poisoning cases. By using 12 bacteriophages isolated from sewage, a typing scheme for B. cereus isolates from outbreaks or sporadic cases of food poisoning was developed. The phages belonged to three morphotypes. Ten phages with contractile tails and icosahedral heads were members of the(More)
During investigation of a gastroenteritis outbreak in a chronic care institution, Norwalk virus was found in stool specimens from two individuals and bacterial isolates presumptively identified as Bacillus cereus were isolated from four individuals (including one with Norwalk virus) and spice. Phage typing confirmed all Bacillus clinical isolates were phage(More)
A double antibody sandwich enzyme-immunoassay has been developed for detection of Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin. Anti-enterotoxin immunoglobulin G-alkaline phosphatase conjugates were prepared using a rapid minicolumn procedure. The assay can achieve a sensitivity of greater than or equal to 1 ng/ml with purified enterotoxin. Sensitivity for detection(More)
Twenty-one stool specimens obtained from persons implicated in two food poisoning outbreaks at the same institution in Smith Falls, Ontario, were examined for Clostridium perfringens. Ninety-two colonies of Cl. perfringens (3-5 per stool specimen) were typed with antisera, bacteriocins and by plasmid analysis. They were also tested for the in vitro(More)
Culture supernatants of 30 enterotoxin-producing Bacillus cereus isolates produced a characteristic progressive destruction of McCoy cell monolayers. Enterotoxin-negative B. cereus and other group 1 Bacillus spp. caused no monolayer disruption. The McCoy cell tissue culture system appears to provide a rapid screening assay for detection of(More)
A series of Clostridium perfringens-related gastrointestinal outbreaks occurred over a period of several months among elderly, chronic care patients in a psychiatric hospital. Several serotypes of C. perfringens and many nontypeable isolates were found. The distribution of certain serotypes and the incidence of detection of enterotoxin in fecal extracts(More)