Steven G Woolfrey

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The purpose of this study was to examine how best to incorporate plasma samples which fall below an assay's lower limit of quantification into the process of toxicokinetic data modeling. Secondly to establish what proportion of data can be below the quantification limit without compromising NONMEM's parameter estimates. Using pharmacokinetic parameters(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether mixed effects modeling (MEM) performs better than either noncompartmental or compartmental naïve pooled data (NPD) analysis for the interpretation of single sample per subject pharmacokinetic (PK) data. Using PK parameters determined during a toxicokinetic study in rats, we simulated data sets that might(More)
We have evaluated the disposition of milrinone in seven patients with low cardiac output after elective cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients received a loading dose of milrinone 50 micrograms kg-1 given over 10 min followed immediately by an infusion of 0.5 microgram kg-1 min-1, continued for a minimum of 5 h. Plasma concentrations of(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of non-compartmental analysis and compartmental mixed effects modelling (MEM) to determine the existence and magnitude of exposure differences (i.e. exposure ratio estimates) between subsets of animals during destructive toxicokinetic studies. Data from five toxicokinetic studies of an experimental(More)
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