Steven F. Horowitz

Learn More
BACKGROUND To compare cost-effectiveness and utility of four clinical algorithms to diagnose obstructive coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAD), we compared exercise ECG (ExECG), stress single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET), and coronary angiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Published data and a(More)
The purpose of this review is to compare several modalities available for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). We compare the clinical history, rest/exercise electrocardiogram (ECG), rest/stress left ventricular (LV) function by radionuclide or echocardiographic methods, myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by single photon emission computed tomography(More)
Patients with reduced left ventricular function or aneurysms have cavities that appear dark on SPECT thallium scintigrams. We hypothesized that a quantitative index, which relates thallium activity in the left ventricular cavity to that in the myocardium (C/M ratio), could provide information on left ventricular function. A group of 80 patients who had both(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease is a rare disorder of the oxidative metabolism of the white blood cells that results in immunodeficiency. In a retrospective review of the records of forty-two patients who had chronic granulomatous disease, we identified thirteen patients who had a total of twenty skeletal infections. Two types of infection were noted: Type 1,(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of four clinical policies (policies I to IV) in the diagnosis of the presence or absence of coronary artery disease. A model based on Bayes' theorem and published clinical data was constructed to make these comparisons. Effectiveness was defined as either the number of patients with coronary(More)
A delay of left ventricular isovolumic relaxation and decrease in myocardial compliance may result in a decline of measured early filling rates in elderly subjects. Previous studies of diastolic function, however, have not excluded coronary artery disease or addressed the contribution of atrial contraction to diastole. The present study evaluated(More)
In order to estimate the precision and accuracy of parameters derived from segmental multiharmonic Fourier analysis of gated blood-pool images, a Monte Carlo computer noise simulation was tested on five sample regional time-activity curves. The first three Fourier harmonics were retained and the precision and accuracy of parameters of ventricular function(More)
Transient dilatation of the left ventricular cavity on exercise thallium perfusion imaging is recognized as a marker of significant coronary disease, but the mechanisms that produce this finding are not fully understood. We studied 32 patients who underwent exercise thallium imaging and exercise echocardiography to determine the changes in left ventricular(More)
A prospective study was performed to determine the relation between quantitative signal-averaged parameters and ejection fraction (EF) and wall motion abnormalities determined by radionuclide ventriculography in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In 50 patients with AMI, signal-averaging of the surface QRS complex (200 beats; filter(More)
Myocardial ischemia during routine daily activities was studied in patients with known coronary artery disease with an ambulatory radionuclide probe and recording device (VEST) and routine rest and exercise gated blood pool imaging. Seventeen patients were monitored for 60 minutes while sitting (baseline), standing in place, walking, eating (6 patients),(More)