Steven F Brena

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OBJECTIVE The current study sought to determine whether there were any significant cross-cultural differences in medical-physical findings, or in psychosocial, behavioral, vocational, and avocational functioning, for chronic low back pain patients. DESIGN Partially double-blind controlled comparison of six different culture groups. SETTING Subjects were(More)
The study compared and contrasted medical, psychological, social and general behavioral functioning of American and Japanese low back pain patients and normal controls. The Sickness Impact Profile and a standardized Medical Examination Protocol for Pain instrument were used to assess all subjects. Findings showed that the American and Japanese low back pain(More)
Difficulties in assessing and quantifying the biomedical signs and symptoms that may be related to patients' reports of pain are well recognized. Although there appears to be some consensus among physicians as to the potential utility of examination and diagnostic tests frequently used to evaluate chronic pain patients, little attention has been paid to the(More)
Phantom urinary phenomena are a relatively rare disease entity. Literature search has revealed only one case following cystectomy, seven cases following spinal cord injury and several other cases in hemodialysis patients. This report presents a case of painful phantom bladder following cystectomy for chronic kidney and urinary tract infection. Treatment was(More)
Assessment and treatment responses were compared in 17 subjects with chronic low back pain assessed as showing at least one clear consciously produced inconsistency in statements and/or behaviors during their participation in an interdisciplinary treatment program and 143 subjects assessed as showing no such inconsistency. Numerous statistically significant(More)
In a double-blind study, 67 chronic low back pain patients received 4 lumbar sympathetic nerve blocks, two given with bupivacaine and two given with saline. It was hypothesized that patients showing evidence of 'learned helplessness,' as measured by dependence on habit-forming medications for the pain, low activity levels, and elevated MMPI scores on(More)
Physicians are frequently called upon to evaluate patients with chronic pain to (1) establish the etiology, (2) determine the extent of impairment and disability, and (3) prescribe treatment. In many cases, there is little agreement as to what evaluation procedures should be used or how to weight and integrate these findings. Two studies were conducted to(More)
One hundred patients were selected who had completed an outpatient rehabilitation program designed to teach competent coping with chronic pain. Data at follow-up periods averaging 21 months posttreatment indicated statistically significant decreases in subjective pain intensity and increases in activities of daily living with substantial reductions in use(More)
A group of 61 patients with problems of chronic pain were managed though a rehabilitation program based on the principles of operant conditioning. Of these patients, 35 were receiving compensation for work-related accidents, and 26 were receiving no financial compensation for their chronic pain. Of the patients not receiving compensation, 69% (18) made(More)