Steven E. Whitesall

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Radiotelemetry of mouse blood pressure accurately monitors systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, heart rate, and locomotor activity but requires surgical implantation. Noninvasive measurements of indirect systolic blood pressure have long been available for larger rodents and now are being reported more frequently for mice. This study compared mouse(More)
We rescued the embryonic lethality of global PPARgamma knockout by breeding Mox2-Cre (MORE) mice with floxed PPARgamma mice to inactivate PPARgamma in the embryo but not in trophoblasts and created a generalized PPARgamma knockout mouse model, MORE-PPARgamma knockout (MORE-PGKO) mice. PPARgamma inactivation caused severe lipodystrophy and insulin(More)
The endogenous nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) inhibitor asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) is elevated in many patients and may contribute to the initiation and progression of their disease. While some mechanistic pathways have been identified, tissue-specific contributions to ADMA control remain unclear. We sought to determine if whole blood (WB) could(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, is significantly elevated in patients with kidney disease and is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Here, we tested whether human whole blood (WB), as in rodent blood, can accumulate free ADMA and whether this accumulation is a function(More)
BACKGROUND The American Heart Association has recommended tail-cuff blood pressure measurement for high-throughput experimental designs, including mutagenesis screens and genetic crosses. However, some tail-cuff methods show good agreement with radiotelemetry and others do not, indicating that each tail-cuff method requires independent validation. METHODS(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition in mice would result in hypertension characterized by increased agonist-induced vasoconstrictor responsiveness and attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Administration of N-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), an NO synthase inhibitor (1 g/L, 4 weeks), via drinking water to mice(More)
Hyperoxic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with an increase in neurologic dysfunction upon successful resuscitation with much of the damage attributable to an increase in reperfusion oxidant injury. We hypothesized that by contrast, hypoxic ventilation during resuscitation would improve neurologic outcome by reducing available substrate(More)
Elevated plasma concentrations of symmetrical dimethylarginine (SDMA) and asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) are repeatedly associated with kidney failure. Both ADMA and SDMA can be excreted in urine. We tested whether renal excretion is necessary for acute, short-term maintenance of plasma ADMA and SDMA. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent sham operation,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) micro-positron emission tomography (micro-PET) can predict abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. BACKGROUND An infrarenal AAA model is needed to study inflammatory mechanisms that drive rupture. F-FDG PET can detect vascular inflammation in animal models and patients. METHODS After exposing(More)
This study investigated the effects of normoxic (FIO2 = 0.21), hyperoxic (FIO2 = 1.0), and hyperoxic (FIO2 = 1.0) plus antioxidant pretreatment (tirilazad mesylate) [corrected] resuscitation on neurologic outcome following 9 min of normothermic (39 +/- 1.0 degrees C) cardiac arrest. Physiologic variables including arterial blood gases and neurologic(More)