Steven E Rubin

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The traditional treatment of subperiosteal orbital abscess consists of surgical drainage and antibiotic therapy. We successfully treated with antibiotics alone nine children (age range 26 months to 12 years) with clinical signs and symptoms of orbital cellulitis and computerized tomographic (CT) evidence of subperiosteal abscess and contiguous ethmoid(More)
INTRODUCTION Visual acuity in albinism can vary and is difficult to predict. We undertook this study to investigate whether patients with albinism with absent or minimal nystagmus have better visual acuity and ocular alignment than patients with albinism and obvious nystagmus. METHODS Our retrospective chart review of 38 pediatric patients with albinism(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, it has been advocated to decrease the frequency of eye examinations to screen for uveitis in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) because of the low yield of positive findings after an initial normal eye examination. This study was undertaken to determine the time interval for the development of uveitis after the diagnosis(More)
PURPOSE To identify risk factors in children admitted with preseptal or orbital cellulitis with associated intracranial infection. METHODS A retrospective chart review identified 10 patients (< or = 18 years) with a diagnosis of preseptal or orbital cellulitis and a concurrent or subsequent diagnosis of intracranial infection. RESULTS Diagnoses(More)
Congenital anterior polar cataracts can be associated with chromosomal abnormalities. We treated two sisters with this condition who had the same unbalanced translocation between the long arm of chromosome 3 and the short arm of chromosome 18. Their mother had a balanced translocation between those chromosomes but had no cataract. Both sisters had(More)
Acute acquired comitant esotropia has been used to describe a dramatic onset of a relatively large angle of esotropia with diplopia and minimal refractive error. We describe six children aged 5 to 11 years who developed an acute non-accommodative esotropia with diplopia. Neurological examination, including CT scan, in each of these children gave negative(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the performance on the American Board of Ophthalmology Written Qualifying Examination (WQE) with the performance on step 1 of the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and the Ophthalmic Knowledge Assessment Program (OKAP) examination for residents in multiple residency programs. DESIGN Comparative case series. (More)
Extensive intraocular hemorrhage in young infants in the setting of acute brain injury and in the absence of a history of severe accidental trauma or underlying medical cause must be considered to be nonaccidental injury until otherwise proven. In the absence of any obvious explanation, the presence of any retinal hemorrhage should raise the possibility of(More)
Amblyopia is a difficult challenge for physicians caring for these children. If detected early with screening programs, the prognosis for successful treatment is greatly increased. If missed, the child may suffer from a lifetime of poor vision in one eye. Children who fail a visual screening test should be promptly referred to an ophthalmologist. Prompt(More)
Ophthalmic manifestations are noted in about 50% of adults with Wegener's granulomatosis. Wegener's granulomatosis is a rare disease in the pediatric age group. The disease may present initially with ocular manifestations. We report the largest series to date of children whose ocular findings were the initial presenting signs of Wegener's granulomatosis.