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BACKGROUND Neuroimmune activation in the spinal dorsal horn plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic pain after peripheral nerve injury. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the role of neuroimmune activation in below-level neuropathic pain after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS Right hemilateral SCI was created in(More)
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) can provide useful information about the underlying mechanisms involved in chronic pain. However, currently available devices typically employed suffer from operator-dependent effects, or are too cumbersome for routine clinical care. This paper presents the design and initial validation of a novel automated pressure-pain(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent scientific findings have reinvigorated interest in examining the role of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the major inhibitory central nervous system neurotransmitter, in chronic pain conditions. Decreased inhibitory neurotransmission is a proposed mechanism in the pathophysiology of chronic pain syndromes such as fibromyalgia (FM). The purpose(More)
The antinociceptive effects of the serotonin (5-HT)1A/7 receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-dipropylaminotetralin (8-OH-DPAT) administered into the medial thalamus were evaluated. Pain behaviors organized at spinal (spinal motor reflexes, SMRs), medullary (vocalizations during shock, VDSs), and forebrain (vocalization after discharges, VADs) levels of the neuraxis(More)
UNLABELLED The parafascicular nucleus (nPf) of the intralaminar thalamus is implicated in the processing of pain affect in both animals and humans. Administration of morphine into nPf results in preferential suppression of the affective reaction to noxious tail shock in rats. The involvement of the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray in mediating the(More)
UNLABELLED Cholinergic stimulation of dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) underlies activation of the brain reward circuitry. Activation of this circuit is proposed to preferentially suppress the affective reaction to noxious stimulation. Vocalization afterdischarges (VADs) are a validated model of the affective response of rats to noxious(More)
The antinociceptive action of morphine microinjected into the nucleus parafascicularis thalami (nPf) on pain behaviors organized at different levels of the neuraxis was examined in the rat. Behaviors organized at spinal (spinal motor reflexes, SMRs), medullary (vocalizations during shock, VDSs), and forebrain (vocalization afterdischarges, VADs) levels were(More)
BACKGROUND Aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy results in substantial survival benefits for patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. The rates of poor adherence and discontinuation of AI therapy are high, primarily because of treatment-related toxicities like musculoskeletal pain. Although pain-related symptoms may worsen during AI therapy, the(More)
UNLABELLED Aromatase inhibitors (AIs), which are used to treat breast cancer, inhibit estrogen production in postmenopausal women. AI-associated musculoskeletal symptoms occur in approximately half of treated women and lead to treatment discontinuation in 20 to 30%. The etiology may be due in part to estrogen deprivation. In premenopausal women, lower(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study was designed to test whether a brief quantitative sensory testing assessment could be used to detect hyperalgesia in patients with suspected opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). METHODS Twenty patients on long-term opioid therapy with suspected OIH were recruited along with 20 healthy controls. Pressure pain threshold,(More)