Steven E. Gaskill

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PURPOSE This research was undertaken to validate a combination of methodologies to determine ventilatory threshold (VT). METHODS Three methods were used individually and then combined to determine VT as follows: 1) ventilatory equivalencies, 2) excess CO2 production, and 3) a modified V-slope method. Three groups of participants-endurance athletes (N =(More)
The HLXB9 homeobox gene was recently identified as a locus for autosomal dominant Currarino syndrome, also known as hereditary sacral agenesis (HSA). This gene specifies a 403-amino acid protein containing a homeodomain preceded by a very highly conserved 82-amino acid domain of unknown function; the remainder of the protein is not well conserved. Here we(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluated whether cross-country skiers who did not respond positively to a training program consisting of high volume and low intensity would improve if high-intensity training volume was doubled during a subsequent training year. METHODS During the first year of the study, cross-country skiers (N = 14) were evaluated for VO2max,(More)
OBJECTIVE The double pole technique (DP) has been shown to be more economical than the V1 skate technique (V1 ) on flat terrain. The objective of the present study was to compare these two techniques during uphill roller skiing. In addition, the physiological effects of changing roller ski rolling resistance was examined for V1. METHODS Five female and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of supplemental feeding strategies on self-selected activity during wildland fire suppression. METHODS Seventy-six wildland firefighters were studied in three experiments for three fire seasons. During the first two seasons, subjects consumed, in addition to their sack lunch, 1) liquid(More)
The effects of cocaine on cyclic reproductive function in females remain largely unknown. In this study, we sought to define the range of doses of cocaine effective in disrupting estrous cyclicity and inhibiting ovulation. Estrous cyclicity was monitored daily by vaginal cytology. Group 1 consisted of rats receiving no treatment. Group 2 consisted of rats(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate relationships between upper body power (UBP) and cross-country ski skating race velocity (R) in a cross sectional representation of cross-country skiers. Additionally, cross-country skiers' UBP was compared to UBP of distance runners. Participants (n = 195) were tested on a Street Arm Ergometer for UBP using a(More)
In the HERITAGE Family Study, 675 sedentary, healthy, white and black men and women, aged 17 to 65 years, performed 20 weeks of supervised cycle ergometer exercise at the same relative intensity and weekly volume. As a group, subjects had normal mean baseline lipid levels for North Americans with the exception of below average high density lipoprotein(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of ingesting an oral supplement containing 4-Hydroxyisoleucine (4-OH-Ile, isolated from fenugreek seeds [Trigonella foenum-graecum]) with a glucose beverage on rates of post-exercise muscle glycogen resynthesis in trained male cyclists. Following an overnight fast (12 hr), subjects completed a 90-minute(More)
With the advent of the ski-skating technique, upper body power has increasingly been shown to be a major factor in cross-country skiing success. The purpose of this study was to evaluate 4 commonly used training methods (weight, circuit, rollerboard, and ski-specific training) for the development of upper body power (UBP) in junior cross-country skiers.(More)