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To prevent sexually transmitted HIV, the most desirable active ingredients of microbicides are antiretrovirals (ARVs) that directly target viral entry and avert infection at mucosal surfaces. However, most promising ARV entry inhibitors are biologicals, which are costly to manufacture and deliver to resource-poor areas where effective microbicides are(More)
Filovirus infections can cause a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates, including great apes. Here, three anti-Ebola virus mouse/human chimeric mAbs (c13C6, h-13F6, and c6D8) were produced in Chinese hamster ovary and in whole plant (Nicotiana benthamiana) cells. In pilot experiments testing a mixture of the three mAbs (MB-003), we(More)
Ebola virus (EBOV) remains one of the most lethal transmissible infections and is responsible for high fatality rates and substantial morbidity during sporadic outbreaks. With increasing human incursions into endemic regions and the reported possibility of airborne transmission, EBOV is a high-priority public health threat for which no preventive or(More)
Lunasin is a peptide derived from the soybean 2S albumin seed protein that has both anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. Large-scale animal studies and human clinical trials to determine the efficacy of lunasin in vivo have been hampered by the cost of synthetic lunasin and the lack of a method for obtaining gram quantities of highly purified(More)
To further define specific structural and mechanistic differences among monoterpene synthases from divergent plant sources, the stereospecificity of the enzyme-catalyzed isomerization of geranyl pyrophosphate to linalyl pyrophosphate and the subsequent cyclization to monoterpene olefins (which have been well established for monoterpene synthases from(More)
HIV-1 integrase is essential for viral replication and can be inhibited by antiviral nucleotides. Photoaffinity labeling with the 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) analog 3',5-diazido-2', 3'-dideoxyuridine 5'-monophosphate (5N3-AZTMP) and proteolytic mapping identified the amino acid 153-167 region of integrase as the site of photocrosslinking. Docking of(More)
T-lymphocytes transduced with the conditionally toxic herpesvirus thymidine kinase gene (HSV-1 TK) are increasingly becoming important tools in genetic therapy approaches for treating viral infections and cancers. Therefore, the effects of different antiviral nucleoside drugs on the growth inhibition of parental and HSV-1 TK-transduced human T-lymphocyte(More)
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