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Peptide toxins have proved to be useful agents, both in discriminating between different components of native calcium channel currents and in the molecular isolation and designation of their cloned channel counterparts. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of the biochemical and physiological properties of a novel 74-amino acid peptide toxin… (More)
The venom of the funnel-web spider Agelenopsis aperta contains several peptides that paralyze prey by blocking voltage-sensitive calcium channels. Two peptides, omega-Aga-IVB (IVB) and omega-Aga-IVC (IVC), have identical amino acid sequences, yet have opposite absolute configurations at serine 46. These toxins had similar selectivities for blocking… (More)
Since ribosomally mediated protein biosynthesis is confined to the L-amino acid pool, the presence of D-amino acids in peptides was considered for many years to be restricted to proteins of prokaryotic origin. Unicellular microorganisms have been responsible for the generation of a host of D-amino acid-containing peptide antibiotics (gramicidin,… (More)
The synthesis and nNOS and eNOS activity of 6-(4-(dimethylaminoalkyl)-/6-(4-(dimethylaminoalkoxy)-5-ethyl-2-methoxyphenyl)-pyridin-2-ylamines and 6-(4-(dimethylaminoalkyl)-/6-(4-(dimethylaminoalkoxy)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-pyridin-2-ylamines 1-8 are described. These compounds are potent inhibitors of the human nNOS isoform.
To accelerate the discovery of novel small molecule central nervous system (CNS) positron emission tomography (PET) ligands, we aimed to define a property space that would facilitate ligand design and prioritization, thereby providing a higher probability of success for novel PET ligand development. Toward this end, we built a database consisting of 62 PET… (More)
Advances in the field of drug discovery have brought an explosion in the quantity of data available to medicinal chemists and other project team members. New strategies and systems are needed to help these scientists to efficiently gather, organize, analyze, annotate, and share data about potential new drug molecules of interest to their project teams.… (More)
The design and synthesis of novel opiates are reported. Based on the message-address principle a novel class of 4,4- and 3,3-biaryl piperidines was designed and synthesized. Biological evaluation confirmed that these compounds exhibit high affinity and selectivity for the delta opioid receptor. Key structure-activity relationships that influence affinity,… (More)
The synthesis and SAR of a series of 6-(4-(substituted)phenyl)-2-aminopyridines as inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase are described. Compound 3a from this series shows potent and selective inhibition of the human nNOS isoform, with pharmacokinetics sufficient to provide in vivo inhibition of nNOS activity.
The discovery of D-amino acid residues in a growing number of gene-encoded peptides suggests that such biochemical modifications are more common than initially thought. In fact, the extent to which D-amino acids are incorporated into peptides by multicellular organisms probably has not been fully realized, since routine Edman sequencing does not provide the… (More)