Steven D. Gray

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To examine the frequency and adverse effects of voice disorders on job performance and attendance in teachers and the general population, 2,401 participants from Iowa and Utah (n1 = 1,243 teachers and n2 = 1,279 nonteachers) were randomly selected and were interviewed by telephone using a voice disorder questionnaire. Teachers were significantly more likely(More)
This paper will provide a review of aspects of vocal aging within the context of general body aging and describe two data sets related to the aging voice. Data will be presented which document pre- to posttreatment improvement in select voice characteristics (sound pressure level, subglottal air pressure, thyroarytenoid laryngeal muscle activity and voice(More)
Pediatric patients with voice or speech problems usually should receive a team assessment in which communication between the pediatrician or primary care physician, the otolaryngologist, and speech pathologist occurs. Although speech or voice problems may prompt an otolaryngologic evaluation, the voice or speech problem simply may be the manifestation or(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a high-resolution, thin-section fast spin-echo MR imaging technique of the inner ear to identify the large vestibular aqueduct syndrome seen on temporal bone CT scans. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the temporal bone CT scans of 21 patients with hearing loss and enlarged bony vestibular aqueducts by CT criteria. High-resolution(More)
Vocal function was assessed in 15 patients who received thyroplasty type I for the rehabilitation of unilateral vocal fold paralysis. The function was assessed by perceptual evaluation, voice intensity and frequency range profiles, and questionnaire. Goals of the study were to evaluate the efficacy of thyroplasty in improving the voice, to compare(More)
Anchoring fibers are collagenous structures that help secure basal cells to the superficial layer of the lamina propria (SLLP). Transmission electron microscopy was used to study the morphology and organization of these anchoring fibers at the human vocal fold basement membrane zone. This study shows that anchoring fibers loop from the lamina densa through(More)
Transmit diversity offers an advantage in the forward link of the cdma2000 system by balancing the spectrum efficiency in the uplink and downlink. Three schemes for performing transmit diversity are examined in this paper – orthogonal transmit diversity, time switched transmit diversity, and selection transmit diversity for vehicular, indoor-outdoor(More)