Steven D. Fenster

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Synapse-associated proteins (SAPs) are constituents of the pre- and postsynaptic submembraneous cytomatrix. Here, we present SAP102, a novel 102kDa SAP detected in dendritic shafts and spines of asymmetric type 1 synapses. SAP102 is enriched in preparations of synaptic junctions, where it biochemically behaves as a component of the cortical cytoskeleton.(More)
Piccolo is a novel component of the presynaptic cytoskeletal matrix (PCM) assembled at the active zone of neurotransmitter release. Analysis of its primary structure reveals that Piccolo is a multidomain zinc finger protein structurally related to Bassoon, another PCM protein. Both proteins were found to be shared components of glutamatergic and GABAergic(More)
Piccolo is a high molecular weight multi-domain protein shown to be a structural component of the presynaptic CAZ (cytoskeletal matrix assembled at active zones). These features indicate that Piccolo may act to scaffold proteins involved in synaptic vesicle endo- and exocytosis near their site of action. To test this hypothesis, we have utilized a(More)
Piccolo belongs to a family of presynaptic cytoskeletal proteins likely to be involved in the assembly and function of presynaptic active zones as sites of neurotransmitter release. Given that abnormalities in the formation of synaptic junctions are thought to contribute to cognitive dysfunction during brain development, we have analyzed and compared the(More)
The c-fos gene was originally identified as the cellular homolog of the oncogene v-fos carried by the Finkel-Biskis-Jenkins and Finkel-Biskis-Reilly murine osteogenic sarcoma retroviruses. Sustained expression of fos is sufficient to induce cellular transformation in vitro and tumorigenesis in vivo. Fos functions as a component of the AP-1 transcription(More)
The real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) is a recent modification to PCR (UNIT 10.2) that is rapidly changing the nature of how biomedical science research is conducted. It was first introduced in 1992 by Higuchi and coworkers and has seen a rapid increase in its use since (Higuchi et al., 1992, 1993). Real-time PCR allows precise(More)
Neuronal interleukin 16 (NIL-16) is the larger neural-specific splice variant of the interleukin-16 (IL16) gene and shows restricted expression to post-mitotic neurons of the mammalian hippocampus and cerebellum. Although the N-terminus of NIL-16 is unique to the neuronal variant, the C-terminus is identical to pro-IL-16, the IL-16 precursor expressed(More)
Neuronal interleukin-16 (NIL-16) is a multi-PDZ domain protein expressed in post-mitotic neurons of the hippocampus and cerebellum. NIL-16 contains four PDZ domains, two of which are located within the neuron-specific N-terminal region. In yeast two-hybrid systems, the N-terminus of NIL-16 interacts with several ion channel proteins, including the Kv4.2(More)
Simultaneous infections with multiple pathogens can alter the function of the host's immune system, often resulting in additive or synergistic morbidity. We examined how coinfection with the common pathogens Sin Nombre virus (SNV) and Bartonella sp. affected aspects of the adaptive and innate immune responses of wild deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus).(More)
Piccolo is an organizational component of the presynaptic active zone, a specialized region of nerve terminals where synaptic vesicles fuse and release their neurotransmitter contents. Alternative splicing (AS) of the mouse Piccolo gene (PCLO) produces two primary splice isoforms: isoform-1 that includes two C2 domains (C2A and C2B) and isoform-2 with only(More)
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