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Based on the dominance of cellular senescence over immortality, immortal human cell lines have been assigned to four complementation groups for indefinite division. Human chromosomes carrying senescence genes have been identified, including chromosome 4. We report the cloning and identification of a gene, mortality factor 4 (MORF 4), which induces a(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS The Quantum® Cell Expansion System (Quantum; Terumo BCT, Inc, Lakewood, CO, USA) is a novel hollow fiber-based device that automates and closes the cell culture process, reducing labor intensive tasks such as manual cell culture feeding and harvesting. The manual cell selection and expansion processes for the production of clinical-scale(More)
BACKGROUND The tumor-initiating capacity of many cancers is considered to reside in a small subpopulation of cells (cancer stem cells). We have previously shown that rare prostate epithelial cells with a CD133+/alpha2beta1hi phenotype have the properties of prostate cancer stem cells. We have compared gene expression in these cells relative to their normal(More)
Through previous large-scale gene expression profiling we identified a transcript that was abundant in normal stomach and down-regulated in gastric cancer. Genes expressed at similar levels included gastrin, MUC5 and pS2, which are important in gastric function. We aimed to characterise this candidate, gastrokine 1 (GKN1), at mRNA, DNA, protein and tissue(More)
Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a group of hereditary syndromes which have in common a hypertrophic dystrophy of the distal nail, and are associated with a variety of additional features, notably various dyskeratoses of skin and mucous membranes. The pathology is unknown but the array of clinical features suggests the possibility of a keratin abnormality. In(More)
Prostate cancer is now a common disease in men over 50 years of age. Medical therapies for prostate cancer are based on discoveries from the mid-twentieth century, and in the long term are rarely curative. Most treatments are directed towards an androgen receptor-expressing, highly proliferative target cell, which does indeed form the vast majority of cells(More)
We have isolated a human genomic DNA cosmid clone while screening for the cathepsin L gene that, when sequenced, revealed close similarity with but significant differences from cDNA sequences that have been reported for cathepsin L (CTSL). The clone bears a novel sequence that shows 88% identity to the coding regions of the cathepsin L gene and a similar(More)
There is evidence that one critically short telomere may be recognized as DNA damage and, as a consequence, induce a p53/p21WAF- and p16INK4A-dependent G1 cell cycle checkpoint to cause senescence. Additionally, senescence via a p53- and p16(INK4A)-dependent mechanism can be induced by the over- or under-stimulation of certain signalling pathways that are(More)
We developed a sequence-ready map of a part of human chromosome 12q24.1. We utilized a number of sequence-tagged site (STS) markers from 12q24.1 to screen large insert bacterial chromosome libraries and a chromosome 12-specific cosmid library. The clones were assembled into contiguous sets (contigs) by STS-content analysis. Contigs were extended by(More)
Darier disease (DD) (MIM 124200) is an autosomal dominant skin disorder characterized by loss of adhesion between epidermal cells and by abnormal keratinization. We present linkage analysis showing, in four families, key recombination events that refine the location of the DD locus on chromosome 12q23-24.1 to a region of <1 cM. We have constructed a YAC/P1(More)