Steven Cunningham

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In adult man, brown fat can be detected in perinephric fat depots by visual inspection, electron microscopy and nucleotide binding to the tissue-specific uncoupling protein. The 32 kDa uncoupling protein is functionally active, showing a nucleotide-sensitive conductance to protons and an uncoupling response to fatty acids. The amount of uncoupling protein(More)
Continuous infusion of noradrenaline over the interscapular brown fat of guinea pigs maintained at thermoneutrality (28-32 degrees C) induces changes similar to those after cold-adaptation. (1) Multilocular fat droplets appear within the brown adipocytes. (2) The number of mitochondria per adipocyte and the total number of adipocytes both increase. (3)(More)
Single nucleotide changes to the sequence between two alternative 5' splice sites, separated by 25 nucleotides in a beta-globin gene derivative, caused substantial shifts in pre-mRNA splicing preferences, both in vivo and in vitro. An activating sequence for splicing was located. Models for the recognition by U1 small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) of(More)
Brown adipocytes from cold-adapted guinea-pigs (C-cells) are more sensitive to uncoupling by exogenous palmitate than are cells from warm-adapted animals (W-cells) with much less uncoupling protein. Half-maximal respiratory stimulation of C-cells requires 80 nM free palmitate. Noradrenaline-stimulated lipolysis is not rate-limiting for the respiration of(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether organ culture of arteries could be used as a more physiological model than endothelial cell culture for the study of vascular endothelium in vitro. Small pieces of artery from rat, pig, piglet and man were cultured in 24-well plates for up to seven or eight days to study the characteristics of the(More)
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