Steven Casha

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Apoptosis or programmed cell death has been reported after CNS trauma. However, the significance of this mechanism in the pathophysiology of spinal cord injury, in particular at the cervical level, requires further investigation. In the present study, we used the extradural clip compression model in the rat to examine the cellular distribution of apoptosis(More)
The capacity of minocycline to alleviate disease for several neurological disorders in animals is increasingly being recognised. Indeed, that one drug alone can attenuate the severity of disease in stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal-cord injury, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is astounding. In this review, we(More)
After spinal cord injury (SCI), apoptosis of neurons and oligodendrocytes is associated with axonal degeneration and loss of neurological function. Recent data have suggested a potential role for FAS death receptor-mediated apoptosis in the pathophysiology of SCI. In this study, we examined the effect of FAS deficiency on SCI in vitro and in vivo.(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Disc arthroplasty is gaining momentum as a surgical procedure in the treatment of spinal degenerative disease. Results must be carefully scrutinized to recognize benefits as well as limitations. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with segmental kyphosis after Bryan disc replacement. STUDY(More)
BACKGROUND Neurofilaments (Nf) are major structural proteins that occur exclusively in neurons. In spinal cord injury (SCI), the severity of disease is quantified by clinical measures that have limited sensitivity and reliability, and no blood-based biomarker has been established to further stratify the degree of injury. We aimed to examine a serum-based(More)
Preclinical studies have attributed neuroprotective properties to the antibiotic minocycline. Animal studies and early clinical trials support its use in several neurological diseases. In animal spinal cord injury models, minocycline improved neurological and histological outcomes, reduced neuronal and oligodendroglial apoptosis, decreased microglial(More)
OBJECT Cervical laminoplasty is a recognized technique commonly used for multilevel posterior cervical decompression, and it is favored over laminectomy for maintaining spinal stability. Traditional hinge techniques, however, limit lateral exposure on one side and can limit dural exposure. The authors present their experience with a modified laminoplasty(More)
A systematic review of the literature was performed to address pertinent clinical questions regarding deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis in the setting of acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Deep vein thromboses are a common occurrence following SCI. Administration of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) within 72 h of injury is recommended to minimize the(More)