Steven C. Chapra

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QUAL2Kw is a framework for the simulation of water quality in streams and rivers. Dynamic diel heat budget and water quality kinetics are calculated for one-dimensional steady-flow systems. The framework includes a genetic algorithm to facilitate the calibration of the model in application to particular waterbodies. The genetic algorithm is used to find the(More)
Models addressing excessive nutrient loading in the environment originated over 50 years ago with the simple nutrient concentration thresholds proposed by Sawyer (1947. Fertilization of lakes by agricultural and urban drainage. New Engl. Water Works Assoc. 61, 109-127). Since then, models have improved due to progress in modeling techniques and technology(More)
A mathematical model of the Great Lakes total phosphorus budgets indicates that a 1 milligram per liter effluent restriction for point sources would result in significant improvement in the trophic status of most of the system. However, because large areas of their drainage basins are devoted to agriculture or are urbanized, western Lake Erie, lower Green(More)
The influence of uncertainties in biokinetic parameters for ammonia and nitrite oxidizing bacteria on the performance of a two-step nitrification model was evaluated using the Generalized Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) technique. The predictive capability of behavioral simulations generated using GLUE was assessed utilizing data from experiments comparing(More)
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