Steven C Campbell

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CONTEXT Kidney cancer is among the 10 most frequently occurring cancers in Western communities. Globally, about 270 000 cases of kidney cancer are diagnosed yearly and 116 000 people die from the disease. Approximately 90% of all kidney cancers are renal cell carcinomas (RCC). OBJECTIVE The causes of RCC are not completely known. We have reviewed known(More)
PURPOSE Radical nephrectomy has traditionally been preferred to partial nephrectomy in patients with localized renal cell cancer because of its simplicity and established cancer control. Recent data suggest that these patients have significant competing risks of death, some of which may be increased by chronic renal insufficiency. Therefore, we compared(More)
OBJECTIVE To review recently published data on emphysematous cystitis (EC), a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by air within the bladder wall, and that most typically affects middle-aged diabetic women. METHODS All articles published in English between 1956 and 2006 were identified using a Medline search for keywords "emphysematous(More)
PURPOSE Advances in our understanding of the natural history and limited aggressive potential of many small renal masses, expanding treatment options and the integration of molecular factors into prognostic and therapeutic algorithms have stimulated renewed interest in percutaneous renal mass biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A comprehensive literature review(More)
We reviewed 954 primary nonurothelial epithelial renal neoplasms with primary resection at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between the years 1980 and 1995 and classified 70 cases (7%) as renal oncocytomas. The study population was composed of 39 men and 31 women, and the mean age was 65 years (range 25 to 86 years). Fifty-six patients (80%) were(More)
BACKGROUND The safe duration of warm ischemia during partial nephrectomy remains controversial. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to evaluate the short- and long-term renal effects of warm ischemia in patients with a solitary kidney. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Using the Cleveland Clinic and Mayo Clinic databases, we identified 362 patients with a solitary(More)
BACKGROUND In the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) randomized trial 30904, nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) was associated with reduced overall survival compared with radical nephrectomy (RN) over a median follow-up of 9.3 yr (hazard ratio: 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-2.16). OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of(More)
PURPOSE Angiomyolipomas classically present radiographically as fat containing lesions but some fail to demonstrate fat content. Histologically confirmed angiomyolipomas uniformly follow a benign course but rare epithelioid variants of angiomyolipoma can recur and metastasize. We investigated the clinical, radiographic and histological characteristics of(More)