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This paper presents the modular automation for reuse in manufacturing systems (modAT4rMS) approach to support the model-driven engineering (MDE) of object-oriented manufacturing automation software with regard to its usability and software modularity. With usability, we refer to the aspects' effectiveness, efficiency, and user acceptance as defined by ISO(More)
Our goal is to increase efficiency and quality in automation engineering in machine and plant manufacturing industry by supporting modularity and reuse. This article proofs that object-oriented model-based design can beneficially be applied in industry and that the code automatically derived from the UML model can be implemented on industrial PLCs without(More)
During the last eight years we investigated the benefit of modeling notations, e.g. UML and domain specific UML profiles as well as specialized modeling languages (Idiomatic Control Language - ICL) in software engineering (IEC 61131-3) in machine and plant automation with three different experiments and approximately more than 120 participants. The results(More)
the actual published value only approximates. The true value of the CPI is considered to be the true cost-of-living index, and so we begin with a discussion of the theory of the cost of living index. We progress to the construction of the actual CPI as it is reported every month, following the description of methodology in the Bureau of Labor Statistics'(More)
I n recent years, academic research libraries have been actively surveying faculty in order to understand their research data management needs in light of new requirements and expectations around data management planning from the federal funding agencies [1, 2, 3]. Evidence based on cross-disciplinary surveys of faculty suggests that needs vary by(More)