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A new numerical approach for modeling a class of flow-structure interaction problems typically encountered in biological systems is presented. In this approach, a previously developed, sharp-interface, immersed-boundary method for incompressible flows is used to model the fluid flow and a new, sharp-interface Cartesian grid, immersed boundary method is(More)
Dysphonic voices are often analyzed using automated voice analysis software. However, the reliability of acoustic measures obtained from these programs remains unknown, particularly when they are applied to pathological voices. This study compared perturbation measures from CSpeech, Computerized Speech Laboratory, SoundScope, and a hand marking voice(More)
False vocal fold (FVF) adduction and compression of the arytenoid cartilages to the petiole of the epiglottis in an anterior to posterior (A-P) direction have been thought to characterize voice disorders with abnormally increased muscle tension or effort, often termed hyperfunctional voice disorders. To further evaluate the association between(More)
For estimating supraglottic compression in disordered voice production, categorical rating scales of true vocal fold coverage by supraglottic structures are the current standard. Quantification of change in the position of supraglottic structures compared to no supraglottic activity would be a better method for distinguishing between and within(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) have a disinhibition of laryngeal responses to sensory input. In this study, sensorimotor responses to stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve were compared between 10 subjects with abductor spasmodic dysphonia (ABSD) and 15 normal volunteers. The groups had similar(More)
A recently developed immersed-boundary method is used to model the flow-structure interaction associated with the human phonation. The glottal airflow is modeled as a two-dimensional incompressible flow driven by a constant subglottal pressure, and the vocal folds are modeled as a pair of three-layered, two-dimensional, viscoelastic structures. Both the(More)
Supraglottic activity was rated from flexible endoscopic video recordings of subjects with normal laryngeal structure and function as they sustained vowels and repeated syllables and sentences. Judges rated these recordings for false vocal fold (FVF) adduction and anterior-to-posterior (A-P) compression at the initiation of the speech task, throughout the(More)
Laryngeal sensori-motor closure reflexes are important for the protection of the airway and prevent the entry of foreign substances into the trachea and lungs. The purpose of this study was to determine how such reflexes might be modulated during volitional swallowing in awake humans, when persons are at risk of entry of food or liquids into the airway. The(More)
In this study, we evaluated the relationship between laryngeal function measures and glottal gap ratio and normalized measures of supraglottic behaviors in patients with unilateral vocal fold paresis (UVFP). Thirty-one patients were found to have unilateral vocal fold paresis by videoendoscopy and laryngeal electromyography, and 13 controls participated in(More)
A direct numerical simulation of flow-structure interaction is carried out in a subject-specific larynx model to study human phonation under physiological conditions. The simulation results compare well to the established human data. The resulting glottal flow and waveform are found to be within the normal physiological ranges. The effects of realistic(More)