Steven Bielamowicz

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A new numerical approach for modeling a class of flow-structure interaction problems typically encountered in biological systems is presented. In this approach, a previously developed, sharp-interface, immersed-boundary method for incompressible flows is used to model the fluid flow and a new, sharp-interface Cartesian grid, immersed boundary method is(More)
A recently developed immersed-boundary method is used to model the flow-structure interaction associated with the human phonation. The glottal airflow is modeled as a two-dimensional incompressible flow driven by a constant subglottal pressure, and the vocal folds are modeled as a pair of three-layered, two-dimensional, viscoelastic structures. Both the(More)
Supraglottic activity was rated from flexible endoscopic video recordings of subjects with normal laryngeal structure and function as they sustained vowels and repeated syllables and sentences. Judges rated these recordings for false vocal fold (FVF) adduction and anterior-to-posterior (A-P) compression at the initiation of the speech task, throughout the(More)
In this study, we evaluated the relationship between laryngeal function measures and glottal gap ratio and normalized measures of supraglottic behaviors in patients with unilateral vocal fold paresis (UVFP). Thirty-one patients were found to have unilateral vocal fold paresis by videoendoscopy and laryngeal electromyography, and 13 controls participated in(More)
The purpose of our project is to develop an image guided system for the medialization laryngoplasty. One of the fundamental challenges in our system is to accurately register the preoperative 3D CT data to the intraoperative 3D surfaces of the patient. In this paper, we will present a combined surface and fiducial based registration method to register the(More)
Advances in high-performance computing are enabling a new generation of software tools that employ computational modeling for surgical planning. Surgical management of laryngeal paralysis is one area where such computational tools could have a significant impact. The current paper describes a comprehensive effort to develop a software tool for planning(More)
We propose a novel method for the registration of 3D CT scans to 2D endoscopic images during the image-guided medialization laryngoplasty. This study aims to allow the surgeon to find the precise configuration of the implant and place it into the desired location by employing accurate registration methods of the 3D CT data to intra-operative patient and(More)
Techniques that originate in computer graphics and computer vision have found prominent applications in the medical domain. In this paper, we have seamlessly developed techniques from computer graphics and computer vision together with domain knowledge from medicine to develop an image guided surgical system for medialization laryngoplasty. The technical(More)
The medialization laryngoplasty is a surgical procedure to improve the voice function of the patient with vocal fold paresis and paralysis. An image guided system for the medialization laryngoplasty will help the surgeons to accurately place the implant and thus reduce the failure rates of the surgery. One of the fundamental challenges in image guided(More)
—Surgical procedures require the physician to use preoperative and intra-operative information for deciding the optimal course of action to be taken on the patient. Medical vi-sualization techniques are used to 'guide' the surgeon during the procedure to improve accuracy. We are presenting a visualization approach for image guided medialization(More)