Steven Bielamowicz

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Dysphonic voices are often analyzed using automated voice analysis software. However, the reliability of acoustic measures obtained from these programs remains unknown, particularly when they are applied to pathological voices. This study compared perturbation measures from CSpeech, Computerized Speech Laboratory, SoundScope, and a hand marking voice(More)
A new numerical approach for modeling a class of flow-structure interaction problems typically encountered in biological systems is presented. In this approach, a previously developed, sharp-interface, immersed-boundary method for incompressible flows is used to model the fluid flow and a new, sharp-interface Cartesian grid, immersed boundary method is(More)
OBJECTIVES To confirm the safety and efficacy of intralesional cidofovir in the management of laryngeal papilloma and to identify variables that correlate with number of injections needed to achieve remission. STUDY DESIGN An open-trial prospective evaluation of the efficacy of intralesional cidofovir in subjects with laryngeal papilloma. METHODS(More)
Laryngeal sensori-motor closure reflexes are important for the protection of the airway and prevent the entry of foreign substances into the trachea and lungs. The purpose of this study was to determine how such reflexes might be modulated during volitional swallowing in awake humans, when persons are at risk of entry of food or liquids into the airway. The(More)
To determine the mechanism of symptom relief with treatment by botulinum toxin injection in persons with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD), we evaluated the effects of unilateral thyroarytenoid muscle injections on both injected and noninjected muscles in 10 subjects with ADSD, using electromyography on both sides of the larynx before and after treatment.(More)
Acoustic analysis is often favored over perceptual evaluation of voice because it is considered objective, and thus reliable. However, recent studies suggest this traditional bias is unwarranted. This study examined the relative reliability of human listeners and automatic systems for measuring perturbation in the evaluation of pathologic voices. Ten(More)
In this study, we compared 2 techniques for injection of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) into the posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) muscle for the treatment of abductor spasmodic dysphonia (ABSD). Fifteen patients with ABSD were enrolled in a prospective randomized crossover treatment trial comparing the 2 injection techniques. The PCA muscle was injected with(More)
A recently developed immersed-boundary method is used to model the flow-structure interaction associated with the human phonation. The glottal airflow is modeled as a two-dimensional incompressible flow driven by a constant subglottal pressure, and the vocal folds are modeled as a pair of three-layered, two-dimensional, viscoelastic structures. Both the(More)
For estimating supraglottic compression in disordered voice production, categorical rating scales of true vocal fold coverage by supraglottic structures are the current standard. Quantification of change in the position of supraglottic structures compared to no supraglottic activity would be a better method for distinguishing between and within(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) have a disinhibition of laryngeal responses to sensory input. In this study, sensorimotor responses to stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve were compared between 10 subjects with abductor spasmodic dysphonia (ABSD) and 15 normal volunteers. The groups had similar(More)