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Three cDNA clones for the Machado-Joseph disease gene (MJD1) were isolated, two of which have a new exon sequence and a distinct 3' terminal nucleotide sequence resulting in a new carboxyl terminal domain in the translated product. The nucleotide sequence of the other one is similar to the previously published one except for five polymorphisms, one of which(More)
Synergistic liver injury develops in Sprague-Dawley rats from administration of a small, noninjurious dose (7.4 x 10(6) EU/kg) of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) given 4 h after a nontoxic dose (100 mg/kg) of the pyrrolizidine alkaloid, monocrotaline (MCT). Previous studies demonstrated that liver injury is mediated through inflammatory factors, such as(More)
Coexposure to small, noninjurious doses of the pyrrolizidine alkaloid phytotoxin monocrotaline (MCT) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) results in synergistic hepatotoxicity. Both centrilobular and midzonal liver lesions occur and are similar to those seen from large, toxic doses of MCT and LPS, respectively. The nature of the lesions in vivo and(More)
A small, noninjurious dose of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 7.4 x 106 EU/kg) administered 4 h after a small, nontoxic dose of monocrotaline (MCT; 100 mg/kg) produces synergistic hepatotoxicity in rats within 6 to 12 h after MCT exposure. The resulting centrilobular (CL) and midzonal (MZ) liver lesions are characterized by hepatic parenchymal cell (HPC)(More)
Coexposure to a noninjurious dose of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 7.4 x 106 EU/kg) and a nontoxic dose of the food-borne toxin monocrotaline (MCT; 100 mg/kg) leads to synergistic hepatotoxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats. Inflammatory factors, such as Kupffer cells (KCs), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-alpha, and neutrophils (polymorphonuclear(More)
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