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Abstract Cerebral blood flow was measured using positron emission tomography (PET) in three experiments while subjects performed mental imagery or analogous perceptual tasks. In Experiment 1, the subjects either visualized letters in grids and decided whether an X mark would have fallen on each letter if it were actually in the grid, or they saw letters in(More)
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of dopaminergic terminals in the basal ganglia. The cocaine analog, CFT (WIN 35,428), has been shown to bind selectively to the pre-synaptic dopamine transporters and thus represents an important probe for monitoring disease progression. In this study, we evaluated [11C] labeled CFT as a PET(More)
A practical method has been developed that, using 11CO2 and positron emission tomography (PET), computes and maps (a) "effective pH" (pHt), a weighted average of intra- and extracellular pH, and (b) "clearance" (K1), product of blood flow and 11CO2 extraction. This method, together with measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen extraction(More)
One of the factors limiting the accuracy of the 15O steady-state method for the measurement of regional cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism is the requirement that a constant arterial blood concentration be maintained over long periods. A new method has been developed to correct for the variation of the arterial concentration in the C15O2 and 15O2(More)
The limits of quantitation with positron emission tomography (PET) are examined with respect to the noise propagation resulting from radioactive decay and other sources of random error. Theoretical methods for evaluating the statistical error have been devised but seldom applied to experimental data obtained on human subjects. This paper extends the(More)
Infection causes remarkable changes in extracellular fluid volume, blood flow and oxygen consumption in the region of the lesion. To determine the sequence and magnitude of these changes, we performed serial scintigraphic measurements in 10 rabbits with experimental Escherichia coli abscesses. Positron emission tomography with C15O2, 15O2 and 11CO was used(More)
The serotonergic system is implicated in disordered emotional behavior. Autism is characterized by impaired processing of emotional information. The serotonergic (5-HT) system is also critically involved in brain development, and abnormal brain synthesis of serotonin is observed in autism. Furthermore, whole blood and platelet serotonin have been reported(More)
Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with multiple comorbidities, including metabolic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, orthopedic and psychological disorders. In fact, cardiovascular and metabolic impairments in childhood and adolescence constitute major risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Thus, obesity(More)
The 11CO2 method for measuring local brain pH with positron emission tomography (PET) has been experimentally evaluated, testing the adequacy of the kinetic model and the ability of the method to measure changes in brain pH. Plasma and tissue time/activity curves measured during and following continuous inhalation of 11CO2 were fit with a kinetic model that(More)
Altered fat distribution is associated with insulin resistance in HIV, but little is known about regional glucose metabolism in fat and muscle depots in this patient population. The aim of the present study was to quantify regional fat, muscle, and whole body glucose disposal in HIV-infected men with lipoatrophy. Whole body glucose disposal was determined(More)