Steven B Weise

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Abstract Cerebral blood flow was measured using positron emission tomography (PET) in three experiments while subjects performed mental imagery or analogous perceptual tasks. In Experiment 1, the subjects either visualized letters in grids and decided whether an X mark would have fallen on each letter if it were actually in the grid, or they saw letters in(More)
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of dopaminergic terminals in the basal ganglia. The cocaine analog, CFT (WIN 35,428), has been shown to bind selectively to the pre-synaptic dopamine transporters and thus represents an important probe for monitoring disease progression. In this study, we evaluated [11C] labeled CFT as a PET(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of switching from lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) to atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) on muscle glucose uptake, glucose homeostasis, lipids, and body composition. METHODS Fifteen HIV-infected men and women on a regimen containing LPV/r and with evidence of hyperinsulinemia and/or dyslipidemia were randomized to continue LPV/r or(More)
The hypermetabolic inflammatory state that occurs after major trauma has been extensively studied at the whole body level, however, there is only limited information on metabolic changes in individual tissues. In this study, the effect of thermal injury on metabolic function of uninjured hind limb muscle of rabbits was measured noninvasively by positron(More)
A practical method has been developed that, using 11CO2 and positron emission tomography (PET), computes and maps (a) "effective pH" (pHt), a weighted average of intra- and extracellular pH, and (b) "clearance" (K1), product of blood flow and 11CO2 extraction. This method, together with measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen extraction(More)
Infection causes remarkable changes in extracellular fluid volume, blood flow and oxygen consumption in the region of the lesion. To determine the sequence and magnitude of these changes, we performed serial scintigraphic measurements in 10 rabbits with experimental Escherichia coli abscesses. Positron emission tomography with C15O2, 15O2 and 11CO was used(More)
One of the factors limiting the accuracy of the 15O steady-state method for the measurement of regional cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism is the requirement that a constant arterial blood concentration be maintained over long periods. A new method has been developed to correct for the variation of the arterial concentration in the C15O2 and 15O2(More)
The 11CO2 method for measuring local brain pH with positron emission tomography (PET) has been experimentally evaluated, testing the adequacy of the kinetic model and the ability of the method to measure changes in brain pH. Plasma and tissue time/activity curves measured during and following continuous inhalation of 11CO2 were fit with a kinetic model that(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine if nonlinear registration of clinically acquired thoracic CT and FDG positron emission tomography (PET) data sets supports more detailed interpretation of metastatic thoracic disease when compared with interpretations from nonregistered PET studies. CONCLUSION In 11 of 16 data sets of patients imaged(More)
Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with multiple comorbidities, including metabolic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, orthopedic and psychological disorders. In fact, cardiovascular and metabolic impairments in childhood and adolescence constitute major risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Thus, obesity(More)