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The preclinical pharmacology of the alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) partial agonist varenicline, a novel smoking cessation agent is described. Varenicline binds with subnanomolar affinity only to alpha4beta2 nAChRs and in vitro functional patch clamp studies in HEK cells expressing nAChRs show that varenicline is a partial agonist with(More)
Herein we describe a novel series of compounds from which varenicline (1, 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-6,10-methano-6H-pyrazino[2,3-h][3]benzazepine) has been identified for smoking cessation. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) mediate the dependence-producing effects of nicotine. We have pursued alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor partial agonists to(More)
1. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) currents in PC12 cells were studied using single-channel and whole-cell gigaohm seal voltage-clamp techniques. Nicotinic AChR agonists were applied using external pipettes. 2. The single-channel conductance of neuronal nAChRs in outside-out patches under Mg(2+)-free ionic conditions was 48 pS. In the(More)
The conductance properties of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (neuronal nAChR channels) in PC12 cells were studied using single channel and whole cell gigaohm seal voltage clamp techniques. Acetylcholine receptor agonists were applied using external pipettes. Neuronal nAChR channels were selective for monovalent cations, and were impermeable to(More)
N-[(3R)-1-Azabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-3-yl]furo[2,3-c]pyridine-5-carboxamide (14, PHA-543,613), a novel agonist of the alpha7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR), has been identified as a potential treatment of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Compound 14 is a potent and selective alpha7 nAChR agonist with an excellent in vitro profile.(More)
During an investigation of excitatory amino acids on cultured embryonic Xenopus neurons, we observed that commercial preparations of glutamine had weak agonist activity on NMDA-type glutamate receptors. Threshold responses were observed at 100 microM glutamine, and the dose-response relation did not show inflection or saturation at concentrations of up to(More)
The rat alpha 7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor was expressed and studied in Xenopus oocytes. The magnitude and reversal potential of instantaneous whole cell currents were examined in solutions containing varying concentrations of either calcium or barium, and in the presence or absence of the intracellular calcium chelator BAPTA. In external(More)
A novel alpha 7 nAChR agonist, 4-(5-methyloxazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-2-yl)-1,4-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane (24, CP-810,123), has been identified as a potential treatment for cognitive deficits associated with psychiatric or neurological conditions including schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Compound 24 is a potent and selective compound with excellent(More)
A variety of scorpion venoms and purified toxins were tested for effects on ion channels in human T lymphocytes, a human T leukemia cell line (Jurkat), and murine thymocytes, using the whole-cell patch-clamp method. Nanomolar concentrations of charbdotoxin (CTX), a purified peptide component of Leiurus quinquestriatus venom known to block Ca2+-activated K+(More)