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Interleukin-1 (IL-1), a peptide hormone produced by activated macrophages, possesses the ability to modulate the proliferation, maturation and functional activation of a broad spectrum of cell types and may play a major role in the initiation and amplification of immune and inflammatory responses through its action on these diverse cell populations. IL-1(More)
Salmonellae possess the ability to adhere to and invade macrophages and in so doing trigger a number of intracellular events that are associated with cellular activation. As an initial approach to defining the mechanisms by which invasive salmonellae alter macrophage function, we have explored the impact of Salmonella infection on the production of human(More)
During the acute phase response to tissue injury or inflammation, the concentration of several plasma proteins change. Previous work (29-34) suggested a role for interleukin 1 (IL-1) in the acute phase response. The availability of recombinant-generated mouse IL-1 prompted a study designed to directly test the function of IL-1 and its mechanism of action on(More)
Flagella from diverse gram-negative bacteria induce tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) synthesis by human monocytes (F. Ciacci-Woolwine, P. F. McDermott, and S. B. Mizel, Infect. Immun. 67:5176-5185, 1999). In this study, we establish that purified flagellin (FliC or FljB), the major filament protein from Salmonella(More)
Nonsurgical intratracheal instillation of 1 microg of purified, recombinant flagellin in several strains of mice stimulated a transient innate immune response in the lung characterized by the infiltration of neutrophils and the rapid production of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and the chemokines(More)
Flagellin from various species of gram-negative bacteria activates monocytes to produce proinflammatory cytokines. We have analyzed the pathway by which Salmonella enteritidis flagellin (FliC) activates murine and human monocyte/macrophage-like cell lines. Since lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the principal immune stimulatory component of gram-negative bacteria,(More)
Cyclosporin A blocked production of the lymphokine interleukin 2 by activated T lymphocytes. In a human and a murine cell line this inhibition reflected an absence of interleukin 2 messenger RNA. Under conditions in which these cells are normally stimulated to secrete high levels of interleukin 2, they failed to do so in the presence of cyclosporin A. In(More)
Although chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, there is no approved vaccine for human use against P. aeruginosa. The goal of this study was to establish whether a multivalent vaccine containing P. aeruginosa type A and B flagellins as well as the outer membrane proteins OprF(More)
We evaluated the ability of flagellin, a highly effective mucosal adjuvant in mice and non-human primates, to promote mucosal innate and adaptive immunity in aged mice. We found that intratracheal instillation of flagellin induced a stronger respiratory innate response in aged mice than in young mice, and that intranasal instillation of flagellin was(More)